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Effect of Smoking & Alcohol on Hypertension in Various Professionals a:Cross Sectional Study


Affiliations
1 Senior Resident BPS GMC(W), Department of Community Medicine, Sonepat, Haryana, India
2 Research Fellow Centre of IVF & Reproduction,SGRH, Delhi
     

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Objective: To study the effect of smoking & alcohol on hypertension in various professionals.

Method: A cross sectional study was done from 1st August 2015 to 30th August 2017 in district Bareilly. A Predesigned & Pretested questionnaire was used comprising of demographic data, alcohol & tobacco use. Three types of professionals were included in this study: Doctors, Managerial staff, School teachers from the teaching institutions.

Results: The Smoking history among professional groups found that majority of doctors (67.70%) were smokers followed by managerial staff (60%) and school teachers (30%) &p-value (<0.001) was found statistically significant. Alcohol consumption history among professional groups found that majority (60%) doctors were alcoholic followed by (43.08%) managerial staff and (30%) school teachers and p-value (<0.001) was found statistically significant.

Conclusion: In this study among professional groups the association of hypertension with alcohol and smoking was found highly significant.The odds of developing high blood pressure and its adverse consequences in professional groups can be minimized by promoting a healthy lifestyle.


Keywords

Hypertension, Professional, Bloodpressure.
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  • Effect of Smoking & Alcohol on Hypertension in Various Professionals a:Cross Sectional Study

Abstract Views: 47  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Shailesh Gupta
Senior Resident BPS GMC(W), Department of Community Medicine, Sonepat, Haryana, India
Shruti Gupta
Research Fellow Centre of IVF & Reproduction,SGRH, Delhi

Abstract


Objective: To study the effect of smoking & alcohol on hypertension in various professionals.

Method: A cross sectional study was done from 1st August 2015 to 30th August 2017 in district Bareilly. A Predesigned & Pretested questionnaire was used comprising of demographic data, alcohol & tobacco use. Three types of professionals were included in this study: Doctors, Managerial staff, School teachers from the teaching institutions.

Results: The Smoking history among professional groups found that majority of doctors (67.70%) were smokers followed by managerial staff (60%) and school teachers (30%) &p-value (<0.001) was found statistically significant. Alcohol consumption history among professional groups found that majority (60%) doctors were alcoholic followed by (43.08%) managerial staff and (30%) school teachers and p-value (<0.001) was found statistically significant.

Conclusion: In this study among professional groups the association of hypertension with alcohol and smoking was found highly significant.The odds of developing high blood pressure and its adverse consequences in professional groups can be minimized by promoting a healthy lifestyle.


Keywords


Hypertension, Professional, Bloodpressure.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194776