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Physical Activity Measurement Using Accelerometer in Phase-I Cardiac Rehabilitation


Affiliations
1 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, Institute of Health and Allied Sciences, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, India
2 Professor and Dean, Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
3 Assisant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
4 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, India
     

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Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is important in improving cardiovascular fitness. Estimating physical activity (PA) levels and Energy Expenditure(EE) in Phase-I CR using Accelerometer can help in understanding cardiovascular fitness better.

Method and Materials: PA of 16 participants post Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) and Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) in Phase-I CR was measured using Actigraph accelerometer. Metabolic Equivalents (METs) and average of daily EE(in Kcals) and steps taken were calculated. Correlation of the Six minute walk distance (6MWD) on the day of discharge and PA levels measured by Actigraphaccelerometer was done.

Results: PA energy expenditure averaged 283.71 Kcals/3days, step counts/day 4861.50, METs 5.79 and the EE in light and moderate intensity activities were 1.01 Kcals and 5.72 Kcals respectively. The time spent in these activities were 62.25 minutes in light intensity and 2 minutes in moderate intensity activities.

Conclusion: PA measured by Actigraph accelerometer was of low to moderate levels in Phase-I CR. There was a weak correlation between PA levels measured by Actigraph accelerometer and 6MWD achieved at the time of discharge.


Keywords

Cardiovascular Disease, Phase I Cardiac Rehabilitation, Physical Activity, Accelerometer.
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  • Physical Activity Measurement Using Accelerometer in Phase-I Cardiac Rehabilitation

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Authors

Shilpa Gupta
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, Institute of Health and Allied Sciences, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, India
Arun G. Maiya
Professor and Dean, Manipal College of Health Professions, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
Kalyana Chakravarthy
Assisant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Stephen Rajan Samuel
Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, India

Abstract


Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is important in improving cardiovascular fitness. Estimating physical activity (PA) levels and Energy Expenditure(EE) in Phase-I CR using Accelerometer can help in understanding cardiovascular fitness better.

Method and Materials: PA of 16 participants post Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) and Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) in Phase-I CR was measured using Actigraph accelerometer. Metabolic Equivalents (METs) and average of daily EE(in Kcals) and steps taken were calculated. Correlation of the Six minute walk distance (6MWD) on the day of discharge and PA levels measured by Actigraphaccelerometer was done.

Results: PA energy expenditure averaged 283.71 Kcals/3days, step counts/day 4861.50, METs 5.79 and the EE in light and moderate intensity activities were 1.01 Kcals and 5.72 Kcals respectively. The time spent in these activities were 62.25 minutes in light intensity and 2 minutes in moderate intensity activities.

Conclusion: PA measured by Actigraph accelerometer was of low to moderate levels in Phase-I CR. There was a weak correlation between PA levels measured by Actigraph accelerometer and 6MWD achieved at the time of discharge.


Keywords


Cardiovascular Disease, Phase I Cardiac Rehabilitation, Physical Activity, Accelerometer.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194742