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Evaluation of Prehypertension among School Going Adolescents in Chennai


Affiliations
1 Demonstrator, Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai, India
2 Professor, Department of Physiology,Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai, India
3 Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Sri Ramachandra Medical College & RI, Chennai, India
4 Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai, India
     

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Aim:- Adolescence is an important phase of life and increased stress has made them prone for early development of Metabolic disorders. Worldwide prevalence of Prehypertension is increasing and early identification of which will help to manage the development of early hypertension and its associated complications. Hence, current study aims to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension among school going adolescents in Chennai. Methods:- The study was conducted among school going adolescents (n-264) in Chennai between the age group 15-19yrs. Anthropometric measurements were taken and stress and sleep hygiene were assessed using validated questionnaires. Blood pressure was recorded using Hawkley random zero sphygmomanometer. Results:- The overall prevalence of Prehypertension was found to be 22.3%. Prehypertension was found to be more in females (23.1%) than males (21.6%). Conclusion:- There is an increased prevalence of prehypertension among school going adolescents in Chennai. Adolescents should be taught about the importance and benefits of healthy lifestyle for a healthy future.

Keywords

Adolescents, Prehypertension, Sleep, Stress, Cardiac issues
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  • Evaluation of Prehypertension among School Going Adolescents in Chennai

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Authors

Srihari R
Demonstrator, Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai, India
Dilara K
Professor, Department of Physiology,Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai, India
Latha R
Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Sri Ramachandra Medical College & RI, Chennai, India
Manikandan S
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Tagore Medical College & Hospital, Chennai, India

Abstract


Aim:- Adolescence is an important phase of life and increased stress has made them prone for early development of Metabolic disorders. Worldwide prevalence of Prehypertension is increasing and early identification of which will help to manage the development of early hypertension and its associated complications. Hence, current study aims to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension among school going adolescents in Chennai. Methods:- The study was conducted among school going adolescents (n-264) in Chennai between the age group 15-19yrs. Anthropometric measurements were taken and stress and sleep hygiene were assessed using validated questionnaires. Blood pressure was recorded using Hawkley random zero sphygmomanometer. Results:- The overall prevalence of Prehypertension was found to be 22.3%. Prehypertension was found to be more in females (23.1%) than males (21.6%). Conclusion:- There is an increased prevalence of prehypertension among school going adolescents in Chennai. Adolescents should be taught about the importance and benefits of healthy lifestyle for a healthy future.

Keywords


Adolescents, Prehypertension, Sleep, Stress, Cardiac issues



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194154