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Transmission of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans & Porphyromonas gingivalis in Periodontal Diseases


Affiliations
1 Associate Professor in Periodontics & Specialist Periodontist, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical, University, United Arab Emirates
2 Associate Professor in Oral Medicine and Associate Dean, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical, University, United Arab Emirates
3 Associate Professor and Head of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical, University, United Arab Emirates
     

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Periodontitis is one of the most common bacterial infections in humans. The disease is a consequence of destructive host immune responses to pathogenic bacterial species resulting from the dysbiosis of oral microbiota. Criteria for defining periodontal pathogens have been developed and include association, elimination, host response, virulence factors, animal studies and risk assessment. The bacteria associated with periodontal diseases are predominantly gram-negative anaerobic bacteria and may include A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, B. forsythus, C. rectus, E. nodatum, P. micros, S. intermedius and Treponema sp. The bacterial numbers associated with disease are up to 10(5) times larger than those associated with health. The transmission of A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. gingivalis is discussed in this article.

Keywords

Transmission, Bacteria, A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, Periodontal Disease.
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  • Transmission of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans & Porphyromonas gingivalis in Periodontal Diseases

Abstract Views: 13  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Prabhu Manickam Natarajan
Associate Professor in Periodontics & Specialist Periodontist, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical, University, United Arab Emirates
Sura Ali Ahmed Fuoad Al Bayati
Associate Professor in Oral Medicine and Associate Dean, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical, University, United Arab Emirates
Dusan Surdilovic
Associate Professor and Head of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gulf Medical, University, United Arab Emirates

Abstract


Periodontitis is one of the most common bacterial infections in humans. The disease is a consequence of destructive host immune responses to pathogenic bacterial species resulting from the dysbiosis of oral microbiota. Criteria for defining periodontal pathogens have been developed and include association, elimination, host response, virulence factors, animal studies and risk assessment. The bacteria associated with periodontal diseases are predominantly gram-negative anaerobic bacteria and may include A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, B. forsythus, C. rectus, E. nodatum, P. micros, S. intermedius and Treponema sp. The bacterial numbers associated with disease are up to 10(5) times larger than those associated with health. The transmission of A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. gingivalis is discussed in this article.

Keywords


Transmission, Bacteria, A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, Periodontal Disease.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193922