A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Protocol on Care of Newborn in Phototherapy on Knowledge and Practice among Nurses at Selected Hospitals in South India
Background: The present study assess the Effectiveness of Protocol on Care of Newborn in Phototherapy on Knowledge and Practice among Nurses at Selected Hospitals in South India
Method and Material: A pre-experimental one group pre and post test study design was used to collect all the necessary and relevant data from nurses. The study was conducted in the maternity ward and phototherapy unit of two hospitals. Based on inclusion criteria 50 nurses were selected and non probability convenient sampling techniques were used.
Results: In pre test level of knowledge of nurses regarding care of newborn in phototherapy, 17 (34%) had inadequate knowledge, 19 (38%) had moderately adequate knowledge and 14 (28%) had adequate knowledge. In post test majority of 44(88%) had adequate knowledge, 6 (12%) had moderately adequate knowledge and no one had inadequate knowledge. The improved mean value for knowledge was 10.43 with “t” value of 13.47 and improved mean value for practice was 6.78 with “t” value of 17.26. This results shows the high statistical significance at p<0.001.
Conclusion: The study concludes that there was a significantly improvement of knowledge and practicable in post test after administration of protocol. Thus protocol was observed to an effective tool to improve the knowledge and practice on care of newborn in phototherapy and it may be useful to implement future reference.
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