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Mental Toughness in Indian Elite Athletes: Psychometric Validation of the Psychological Performance Inventory


Affiliations
1 Research Scholar, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Noida, UP, India
2 Asst. Professor, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Noida, UP, India
3 Professor, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Noida, UP, India
4 Associate, Professor, Zakir Hussain College, Delhi University, India
     

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Background: Mental toughness is one of the psychological dimensions considered essential for performance in sports. In this study, the Psychometric validation of the Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI) was validated for the measurement of mental toughness in elite athletes. Materials and method: A sample of 76 elite athletes was selected via purposive sampling. To assess mental toughness, we used the Psychological Performance Inventory, by Loehr (1986). A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to confirm the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory in an Indian context. Results: The mean scores for negative energy control, positive energy control, attention control, and attitude control were 3.41 (SD = .18), 3.88 (SD = .23), 3.68 (SD = .15), and 3.86 (SD = .23), respectively. Only 29 items were adequately internally consistent in assessing mental toughness for Indian elite athletes. In composite reliability (CR), all factors had values above .85, indicating good reliability.

Conclusion: The lack of success among elite Indian athletes is their excessive focus on affective skills, neglect of cognitive skills. Balancing affective and cognitive skills is the way to improve mental toughness,


Keywords

Affective, Cognitive, Indian Elite Athletes, Mental Toughness, Skill.
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  • Mental Toughness in Indian Elite Athletes: Psychometric Validation of the Psychological Performance Inventory

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Authors

Tarun Jain
Research Scholar, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Noida, UP, India
Ritu Sharma
Asst. Professor, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Noida, UP, India
Abha Singh
Professor, Amity Institute of Psychology and Allied Sciences, Amity University Noida, UP, India
Karuna Mehta
Associate, Professor, Zakir Hussain College, Delhi University, India

Abstract


Background: Mental toughness is one of the psychological dimensions considered essential for performance in sports. In this study, the Psychometric validation of the Psychological Performance Inventory (PPI) was validated for the measurement of mental toughness in elite athletes. Materials and method: A sample of 76 elite athletes was selected via purposive sampling. To assess mental toughness, we used the Psychological Performance Inventory, by Loehr (1986). A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to confirm the factor structure of the Psychological Performance Inventory in an Indian context. Results: The mean scores for negative energy control, positive energy control, attention control, and attitude control were 3.41 (SD = .18), 3.88 (SD = .23), 3.68 (SD = .15), and 3.86 (SD = .23), respectively. Only 29 items were adequately internally consistent in assessing mental toughness for Indian elite athletes. In composite reliability (CR), all factors had values above .85, indicating good reliability.

Conclusion: The lack of success among elite Indian athletes is their excessive focus on affective skills, neglect of cognitive skills. Balancing affective and cognitive skills is the way to improve mental toughness,


Keywords


Affective, Cognitive, Indian Elite Athletes, Mental Toughness, Skill.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193901