Clinical and Biochemical Profile of Indians with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus:A Study from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Greater Noida
Objective: To study the clinical and biochemical profile of newly detected type 2 diabetes mellitus patients from a tertiary care hospital in Greater Noida, Gautam Buddh Nagar.
Method: At total of 100 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients presenting in the Department of Medicine were included and studied. A detailed clinical history, examination and investigations were recorded. The presence of microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes mellitus was assessed using this clinical and laboratory data.
Results: There were 52 males and 48 females. Maximum patients belonged to fourth decade and upperlower socioeconomic status. 20% patients had obesity and 50% people were overweight. Polyuria was the chief presenting complaint in 51% cases with polydipsia, weight loss and weakness being the other common symptoms. 62 % of the diabetics had hypertension. Increased cholesterol was reported in 44% and 53 %patients had altered triglyceride. The prevalence of neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy was 33%, 28% and21 % respectively.
Conclusion: Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients present with comorbidities and complications frequently. Significant proportion of patients in this study had poor glycemic control as well as microvascular complications at the very time of diagnosis. A vast majority were overweight with high waist circumference. Commonest observed comorbidities with diabetes were that of hypertensionand dyslipidemia.
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