Assessment of Risk Factors for Diabetes among Bank Employees Using Indian Diabetes Risk Score: A Cross Sectional Study
Introduction: Diabetes is an “iceberg” disease and is one of the major causes of premature illness and death worldwide. From 108 million in 1980, the number of people living with diabetes has increased to 422 million in 2014. In india it was the 7th biggest cause for early death in 2016. There are many screening tools available to identify the risk for diabetes, of which IDRS tool is one of them.
Objective: To assess risk of diabetes mellitus among selected bank employees using Indian diabetes risk score.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted over a period of 2 months (February to march 2019) among 205 employees of 4 branches of a selected bank. Data was collected by purposive sampling using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire and IDRS scale. Clinical examination and GRBS was carried out. Chi-square test was used as test for association.
Results: Among 205 respondents, IDRS score showed that 61% belonged to high risk category, 25% to moderate risk & 14% belonged to low risk.
Conclusion: Present study showed 61% to be in high risk category for DM; it also revealed significant association between overweight and high IDRS. Age, abdominal obesity in males, family history of diabetes and physical activity were significantly associated with high IDRS. Early screening aids in early diagnosis and treatment which can reduce the burden of DM.
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