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Risk Factor Associated with Anthrax Transmission among the Tribal Communities of Odisha


Affiliations
1 Post-Graduation in Public Health, Prasanna School of Public Health, Near KMC greens, Manipal, Udupi, India
2 Assistant Professor, Prasanna School of Public Health, Near KMC Greens, Manipal, Udupi, India
3 Associate Professor, Prasanna School of Public Health, Near KMC greens, Manipal, Udupi, India
     

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Context: Anthrax is a neglected tropical disease caused by Bacillus anthracis. The condition primarily affects herbivores. Human contacts the natural disease directly or indirectly from animals or their products.

Aims: The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors associated with the transmission of anthrax.

Settings and Design: A mixed methods study was conducted among the tribal population of Lamtaput block, Koraput from January to May 2018.

Methods and Material: A set of pre-tested and validated structured and unstructured questionnaires were used in order to conduct the study.

Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical package for the social sciences(SPSS) version 15.0.

Results: Overall, the respondents heard about anthrax were found to be 62.91 %. 52.98% of respondents were aware anthrax can affect both humans and animals. The risk factors and risky behaviour were found to be statistically significant with a p-value of < 0.05. Nevertheless, the qualitative findings suggested the level of awareness varied among the respondents, and the cause behind transmission was due to consumption of dead carcasses. The quantitative data showed only 30.464 % of people vaccinated their animals, the qualitative interviews also proposed that fewer respondents vaccinated their animals, 45.69% of respondents threw the carcasses in the open air, 52.98 % respondents ate the meat while sharing it with the community members when an animal died. Food insecurity, poverty, geographical barriers were the reasons cited for consuming dead carcasses.

Conclusions: The cause of transmission of anthrax in Koraput was dead carcasses consumption, high-risk behaviour and practices such as eating, selling, or sharing were found to be common among the respondents. These risk factors are influenced by the low socio-economic status, education level, lack of proper health education messages and poor veterinary services


Keywords

Anthrax, Awareness, Exposure Practises, Risk Factors, Tribal Communities.
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  • Risk Factor Associated with Anthrax Transmission among the Tribal Communities of Odisha

Abstract Views: 37  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Sipra Makhija
Post-Graduation in Public Health, Prasanna School of Public Health, Near KMC greens, Manipal, Udupi, India
Sumit Kumar
Assistant Professor, Prasanna School of Public Health, Near KMC Greens, Manipal, Udupi, India
Shah Hossain
Associate Professor, Prasanna School of Public Health, Near KMC greens, Manipal, Udupi, India

Abstract


Context: Anthrax is a neglected tropical disease caused by Bacillus anthracis. The condition primarily affects herbivores. Human contacts the natural disease directly or indirectly from animals or their products.

Aims: The purpose of the study was to assess the risk factors associated with the transmission of anthrax.

Settings and Design: A mixed methods study was conducted among the tribal population of Lamtaput block, Koraput from January to May 2018.

Methods and Material: A set of pre-tested and validated structured and unstructured questionnaires were used in order to conduct the study.

Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical package for the social sciences(SPSS) version 15.0.

Results: Overall, the respondents heard about anthrax were found to be 62.91 %. 52.98% of respondents were aware anthrax can affect both humans and animals. The risk factors and risky behaviour were found to be statistically significant with a p-value of < 0.05. Nevertheless, the qualitative findings suggested the level of awareness varied among the respondents, and the cause behind transmission was due to consumption of dead carcasses. The quantitative data showed only 30.464 % of people vaccinated their animals, the qualitative interviews also proposed that fewer respondents vaccinated their animals, 45.69% of respondents threw the carcasses in the open air, 52.98 % respondents ate the meat while sharing it with the community members when an animal died. Food insecurity, poverty, geographical barriers were the reasons cited for consuming dead carcasses.

Conclusions: The cause of transmission of anthrax in Koraput was dead carcasses consumption, high-risk behaviour and practices such as eating, selling, or sharing were found to be common among the respondents. These risk factors are influenced by the low socio-economic status, education level, lack of proper health education messages and poor veterinary services


Keywords


Anthrax, Awareness, Exposure Practises, Risk Factors, Tribal Communities.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193889