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Cognitive Impairments and its Associated Risk Factors among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus


Affiliations
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
2 Associate Professor and Principal, Department of Physiotherapy Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
3 Student, Department of Physiotherapy Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
     

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Background: Diabetic patients are considered to be more prone to develop cognitive dysfunction and further leading to dementia, hence systematic assessment and identification of risk factors plays a key role. Aim and Objectives: To study cognitive impairments and its associated risk factors among patients with diabetes mellitus. Settings and Design: A hospital-based Multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted. Methods and Material: In this study 245 individual medically diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus were recruited according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Demographic data included age gender and duration of diabetes smoking, BMI, Family history of diabetes and Hypertension HbA1c was noted. Cognitive assessment was done using Modified Mini Mental Scale (3MS). Data was collected and subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The result shows about 22% had moderate cognitive impairment and associated risk factors can be medications, age, glycaemic control, Hypertension, family history. There is no correlation of Cognition and duration since diagnosed to be diabetic and BSL whereas weak linear relationships exist between cognition and Age and HbA1c and strong linear relationship between cognition and BMI in Patients with diabetes. Conclusions: Diabetic patients do exhibit Mild cognitive dysfunction with various associated risk factors.

Keywords

Diabetes, Smoking, Duration of Dabetes, Obesity, Hypertension, Cognitive impairment, HbA1c, Modified Mini Mental Scale.
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  • Cognitive Impairments and its Associated Risk Factors among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

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Authors

Rasika Panse
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, India

Associate Professor and Principal, Department of Physiotherapy Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, India

Student, Department of Physiotherapy Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, Pune, India

Abstract


Background: Diabetic patients are considered to be more prone to develop cognitive dysfunction and further leading to dementia, hence systematic assessment and identification of risk factors plays a key role. Aim and Objectives: To study cognitive impairments and its associated risk factors among patients with diabetes mellitus. Settings and Design: A hospital-based Multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted. Methods and Material: In this study 245 individual medically diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus were recruited according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Demographic data included age gender and duration of diabetes smoking, BMI, Family history of diabetes and Hypertension HbA1c was noted. Cognitive assessment was done using Modified Mini Mental Scale (3MS). Data was collected and subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The result shows about 22% had moderate cognitive impairment and associated risk factors can be medications, age, glycaemic control, Hypertension, family history. There is no correlation of Cognition and duration since diagnosed to be diabetic and BSL whereas weak linear relationships exist between cognition and Age and HbA1c and strong linear relationship between cognition and BMI in Patients with diabetes. Conclusions: Diabetic patients do exhibit Mild cognitive dysfunction with various associated risk factors.

Keywords


Diabetes, Smoking, Duration of Dabetes, Obesity, Hypertension, Cognitive impairment, HbA1c, Modified Mini Mental Scale.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193876