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Maternal Tobacco Use and Risk for Congenital Anomalies


Affiliations
1 Lecturer, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of OBG, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
3 Professor, Department of OBG, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
4 Dean and Principal, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
5 Clinical Instructors, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
     

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Over a period of decades non genetic causes are controlled and mortality and morbidity is considerable reduced due to malformation. Although 50% of causes for malformation are unknown Origen, but, with primary prevention 50% of birth defects could be prevented. Research for finding the risk factors are continuous and such results would help to implement preventive strategies to improve maternal and child health.

Methodology: This is cross sectional; hospital based study, conducted in Krishna Hospital Karad, included all the Pregnant Mother diagnosed to have congenital birth defected fetus through antenatal examinations, delivered baby with diagnoses of congenital malformation, who were admitted at Tertiary care hospital Karad.

Results: Total 283 cases were diagnosed with birth defects. Parent’s history for tobacco use states that 16 (5.7%) mothers and 149 (53%) of fathers of malformed babies used tobacco. Among these 16 (5%) tobacco user mothers, maximum babies 5 (1.7 %) babies had born with neural tube defect and among fathers 149 (53%) maximum babies 41 (14%) Circulatory System defect.

Conclusion: There is a need to make the rural women aware about hazardous effects of use of mishri 20 through health education sessions to wean them out of this addiction, which is passed from one generation to the next as a tradition at an early age.


Keywords

Maternal, Risk Factors, Tobacco Use, Congenital Anomalies.
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  • Maternal Tobacco Use and Risk for Congenital Anomalies

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Authors

Prabhuswami Hiremath
Lecturer, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
R. P. Patange
Professor and Head, Department of OBG, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
J. A. Salunkhe
Professor, Department of OBG, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
Vaishali R. Mohite
Dean and Principal, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
Prakash Naregal
Lecturer, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
Ajit Pawar
Clinical Instructors, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India
Tejas Bhosale
Clinical Instructors, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, India

Abstract


Over a period of decades non genetic causes are controlled and mortality and morbidity is considerable reduced due to malformation. Although 50% of causes for malformation are unknown Origen, but, with primary prevention 50% of birth defects could be prevented. Research for finding the risk factors are continuous and such results would help to implement preventive strategies to improve maternal and child health.

Methodology: This is cross sectional; hospital based study, conducted in Krishna Hospital Karad, included all the Pregnant Mother diagnosed to have congenital birth defected fetus through antenatal examinations, delivered baby with diagnoses of congenital malformation, who were admitted at Tertiary care hospital Karad.

Results: Total 283 cases were diagnosed with birth defects. Parent’s history for tobacco use states that 16 (5.7%) mothers and 149 (53%) of fathers of malformed babies used tobacco. Among these 16 (5%) tobacco user mothers, maximum babies 5 (1.7 %) babies had born with neural tube defect and among fathers 149 (53%) maximum babies 41 (14%) Circulatory System defect.

Conclusion: There is a need to make the rural women aware about hazardous effects of use of mishri 20 through health education sessions to wean them out of this addiction, which is passed from one generation to the next as a tradition at an early age.


Keywords


Maternal, Risk Factors, Tobacco Use, Congenital Anomalies.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193861