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Association of Epicardial Adipose Tissue Thickness with Resting and Post-Exercise Cardiac Output in Overweight and Obese Individuals


Affiliations
1 Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy,, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
3 Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
4 Professor and Dean, Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
6 Associate Professor, Department of Cardiovascular Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
     

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Background: Epicardial adipose tissue is known to have adverse effect on local coronary health, cardiac structure and function. Echocardiography has shown to be a reliable method to measure the adipose thickness.

Aim: To study the association between epicardial adipose tissue thickness with resting and post-exercise test cardiac output.

Method: A cross-sectional study of 26 overweight and obese subjects in the age group of 20 to 50 was included. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness was measured using M-mode echocardiogram. Resting and post exercise cardiac output, ejection fraction and heart rate recovery were measured during sub-maximal exercise on treadmill.

Results: There was no significant correlation of epicardial adipose tissue thickness with resting and post-exercise cardiac output, ejection fraction and heart rate recovery.

Conclusion: Cardiac output, Ejection fractionat rest and post-exercise, also Heart rate recovery were not affected by epicardial adipose tissue thickness of less than 4 mm.


Keywords

Epicardial Adipose Tissue, Cardiac Output, Sub-Maximal Exercise Test, Body Mass Index, Overweight and Obesity, Echocardiography.
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  • Association of Epicardial Adipose Tissue Thickness with Resting and Post-Exercise Cardiac Output in Overweight and Obese Individuals

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Authors

Sridevi
Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
Kalyana Chakravarthy Bairapareddy
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy,, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Bhamini Krishna Rao
Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
Arun G. Maiya
Professor and Dean, Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
Gopala Krishna Alaparthi
Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Krishnananda Nayak
Associate Professor, Department of Cardiovascular Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India

Abstract


Background: Epicardial adipose tissue is known to have adverse effect on local coronary health, cardiac structure and function. Echocardiography has shown to be a reliable method to measure the adipose thickness.

Aim: To study the association between epicardial adipose tissue thickness with resting and post-exercise test cardiac output.

Method: A cross-sectional study of 26 overweight and obese subjects in the age group of 20 to 50 was included. Epicardial adipose tissue thickness was measured using M-mode echocardiogram. Resting and post exercise cardiac output, ejection fraction and heart rate recovery were measured during sub-maximal exercise on treadmill.

Results: There was no significant correlation of epicardial adipose tissue thickness with resting and post-exercise cardiac output, ejection fraction and heart rate recovery.

Conclusion: Cardiac output, Ejection fractionat rest and post-exercise, also Heart rate recovery were not affected by epicardial adipose tissue thickness of less than 4 mm.


Keywords


Epicardial Adipose Tissue, Cardiac Output, Sub-Maximal Exercise Test, Body Mass Index, Overweight and Obesity, Echocardiography.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193850