Lower Extremity Perfusion among Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitusin a Tertiary Care Hospital, Kochi
Introduction: Diabetes as one of Non-communicable diseases has consumed a large share of money, material, time and human resources of health systems. Now, due to advancement in lifestyle and industrial process, prevalence of diabetes and its associated complications have been raised. Among these complications, diabetic foot considered as a common complication of diabetes.
Method: The present study was a quantitative quasi experimental two group pretest posttest design. The study was done at Amrita Hospital, Kochi. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Burger Allen exercise on level of lower extremity perfusion among patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Totally 100 samples were taken in which 50 are in experimental and 50 in control group using convenience sampling technique.
Results: In the present study, majority were males with the average age among experimental group were 55.30 +- 4.58, 36(72%) and 55.30+- 4.58, 34 (68%) in the control group. The study result showed that mean and standard deviation of ABPI score among both groups on Day 1 (0.07 ± 0.01), Day 2 (0.05 ± 0.02) and Day 3 (0.19 ± 0.01). There was statistical significance with the p value <0.01. There was also significant difference between the groups and within the groups in ABPI scores in 3 days among patients with type 2 DM which is significant at <0.05.
Conclusion: In the light of present study result, it depicted that the Buerger Allen exercise improve lower extremity perfusion among patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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