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Efficacy of Technology Basded Method to Improve Knowledge on Health Promoting Behaviour towards Maternal Hypothyroidism among Primi Mothers with Hypothyroidism


Affiliations
1 Professor, (Scholar Student), Head of the Department of Community Health Nursing, Narayana Hrudayalaya College of Nursing, Bangalore
2 Principal, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, India
     

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Background: Maternal hypothyroidism, in simple terms, refers to low thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy. The diagnosis is made by a TSH that is greater than normal, and this situation deserves therapy. Many studies have shown that maternal thyroid hormones are very important in pregnancy. Most importantly, emerging data seems to suggest that thyroid hormones are especially important for fetal brain development, especially during early pregnancy2. Pregnancy has a profound impact on the thyroid gland and thyroid function. The gland increases 10% in size during pregnancy in iodine-replete countries and by 20%-40% in areas of iodine deficiency. Production of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) increases by 50%, along with a 50% increase in the daily iodine requirement. These physiological changes may result in hypothyroidism in the later stages of pregnancy in iodine-deficient women who were euthyroid in the first trimester. The range of thyrotropin (TSH), under the impact of placental human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), is decreased throughout pregnancy with the lower normal TSH level in the first trimester being poorly defined and an upper limit of 2.5 mIU/L.

Aim of the Study: To determine teaching primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism on health promoting behaviors towards maternal hypothyroidism has efficacy in improving their knowledge.

Method: Evaluative with Quasi experimental study one group pre and post-test design and Simple random sampling technique were adapted for this study. The knowledge questionnaire regarding health promoting behaviour towards maternal hypothyroidism was distributed among 60 primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism followed by the session of technology based education on health promoting behaviour regarding maternal hypothyroidism was given to the primigravida mothers. The data were analysed by using descriptive, inferential statistical method.

Result: In pre-test the mean score of knowledge level is 9.45 and the SD is 3.13. In the post test the mean score of knowledge level is 20.06 and the SD is 11.40, which shows that the technology based education on health promoting behaviour of maternal hypothyroidism is highly significant in improving knowledge.

Background: Maternal hypothyroidism, in simple terms, refers to low thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy. The diagnosis is made by a TSH that is greater than normal, and this situation deserves therapy. Many studies have shown that maternal thyroid hormones are very important in pregnancy1. Most importantly, emerging data seems to suggest that thyroid hormones are especially important for fetal brain development, especially during early pregnancy2. Pregnancy has a profound impact on the thyroid gland and thyroid function. The gland increases 10% in size during pregnancy in iodine-replete countries and by 20%–40% in areas of iodine deficiency. Production of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) increases by 50%, along with a 50% increase in the daily iodine requirement. These physiological changes may result in hypothyroidism in the later stages of pregnancy in iodine-deficient women who were euthyroid in the first trimester3. The range of thyrotropin (TSH), under the impact of placental human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), is decreased throughout pregnancy with the lower normal TSH level in the first trimester being poorly defined and an upper limit of 2.5 mIU/L4,2. Aim of the study: To determine teaching primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism on health promoting behaviors towards maternal hypothyroidism has efficacy in improving their knowledge. Method: Evaluative with Quasi experimental study one group pre and post-test design and Simple random sampling technique were adapted for this study. The knowledge questionnaire regarding health promoting behaviour towards maternal hypothyroidism was distributed among 60 primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism followed by the session of technology based education on health promoting behaviour regarding maternal hypothyroidism was given to the primigravida mothers. The data were analysed by using descriptive, inferential statistical method. Result: In pre-test the mean score of knowledge level is 9.45 and the SD is 3.13. In the post test the mean score of knowledge level is 20.06 and the SD is 11.40, which shows that the technology based education on health promoting behaviour of maternal hypothyroidism is highly significant in improving knowledge.

Keywords

Primigravida Mothers, Hypothyroidism, Health Promoting Behaviour, Technology Based Method, Knowledge.
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  • Efficacy of Technology Basded Method to Improve Knowledge on Health Promoting Behaviour towards Maternal Hypothyroidism among Primi Mothers with Hypothyroidism

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Authors

P. M. Arulmozhi Baskaran
Professor, (Scholar Student), Head of the Department of Community Health Nursing, Narayana Hrudayalaya College of Nursing, Bangalore
Prasanna Baby
Principal, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, India

Abstract


Background: Maternal hypothyroidism, in simple terms, refers to low thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy. The diagnosis is made by a TSH that is greater than normal, and this situation deserves therapy. Many studies have shown that maternal thyroid hormones are very important in pregnancy. Most importantly, emerging data seems to suggest that thyroid hormones are especially important for fetal brain development, especially during early pregnancy2. Pregnancy has a profound impact on the thyroid gland and thyroid function. The gland increases 10% in size during pregnancy in iodine-replete countries and by 20%-40% in areas of iodine deficiency. Production of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) increases by 50%, along with a 50% increase in the daily iodine requirement. These physiological changes may result in hypothyroidism in the later stages of pregnancy in iodine-deficient women who were euthyroid in the first trimester. The range of thyrotropin (TSH), under the impact of placental human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), is decreased throughout pregnancy with the lower normal TSH level in the first trimester being poorly defined and an upper limit of 2.5 mIU/L.

Aim of the Study: To determine teaching primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism on health promoting behaviors towards maternal hypothyroidism has efficacy in improving their knowledge.

Method: Evaluative with Quasi experimental study one group pre and post-test design and Simple random sampling technique were adapted for this study. The knowledge questionnaire regarding health promoting behaviour towards maternal hypothyroidism was distributed among 60 primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism followed by the session of technology based education on health promoting behaviour regarding maternal hypothyroidism was given to the primigravida mothers. The data were analysed by using descriptive, inferential statistical method.

Result: In pre-test the mean score of knowledge level is 9.45 and the SD is 3.13. In the post test the mean score of knowledge level is 20.06 and the SD is 11.40, which shows that the technology based education on health promoting behaviour of maternal hypothyroidism is highly significant in improving knowledge.

Background: Maternal hypothyroidism, in simple terms, refers to low thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy. The diagnosis is made by a TSH that is greater than normal, and this situation deserves therapy. Many studies have shown that maternal thyroid hormones are very important in pregnancy1. Most importantly, emerging data seems to suggest that thyroid hormones are especially important for fetal brain development, especially during early pregnancy2. Pregnancy has a profound impact on the thyroid gland and thyroid function. The gland increases 10% in size during pregnancy in iodine-replete countries and by 20%–40% in areas of iodine deficiency. Production of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) increases by 50%, along with a 50% increase in the daily iodine requirement. These physiological changes may result in hypothyroidism in the later stages of pregnancy in iodine-deficient women who were euthyroid in the first trimester3. The range of thyrotropin (TSH), under the impact of placental human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), is decreased throughout pregnancy with the lower normal TSH level in the first trimester being poorly defined and an upper limit of 2.5 mIU/L4,2. Aim of the study: To determine teaching primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism on health promoting behaviors towards maternal hypothyroidism has efficacy in improving their knowledge. Method: Evaluative with Quasi experimental study one group pre and post-test design and Simple random sampling technique were adapted for this study. The knowledge questionnaire regarding health promoting behaviour towards maternal hypothyroidism was distributed among 60 primigravida mothers with hypothyroidism followed by the session of technology based education on health promoting behaviour regarding maternal hypothyroidism was given to the primigravida mothers. The data were analysed by using descriptive, inferential statistical method. Result: In pre-test the mean score of knowledge level is 9.45 and the SD is 3.13. In the post test the mean score of knowledge level is 20.06 and the SD is 11.40, which shows that the technology based education on health promoting behaviour of maternal hypothyroidism is highly significant in improving knowledge.

Keywords


Primigravida Mothers, Hypothyroidism, Health Promoting Behaviour, Technology Based Method, Knowledge.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F193830