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Oral Manifestations and Complications of Diabetes Mellitus


Affiliations
1 Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, India
2 Department of Oral pathology and Microbiology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, India
     

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Diabetes is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders manifested by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting all age groups. There are 2 major types of diabetes mellitus are type I, Insulin dependent type and type II, Non insulin dependent type. Gestational diabetes is a state of abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy. It is one of the major disease increasing the mortality and morbidity worldwide.Hyperglycemia in diabetes is caused by insulin deficiency and insulin resistance. The common oral manifestations in diabetics are periodontal diseases, fungal infection, salivary dysfunction, burning mouth syndrome, delayed wound healing etc.This article aims to review and increase the awareness among the dental professionals about oral manifestations and complications of diabetes mellitus.

Keywords

Hyperglycaemia, Xerostomia, Burning Mouth Syndrome, Periodontitis.
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Abstract Views: 321

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  • Oral Manifestations and Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract Views: 321  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

R. Hariharan
Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, India
N. Aravindha Babu
Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, India
R. JayasriKrupaa
Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, India
K. M. K. Masthan
Department of Oral pathology and Microbiology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, India

Abstract


Diabetes is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders manifested by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting all age groups. There are 2 major types of diabetes mellitus are type I, Insulin dependent type and type II, Non insulin dependent type. Gestational diabetes is a state of abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy. It is one of the major disease increasing the mortality and morbidity worldwide.Hyperglycemia in diabetes is caused by insulin deficiency and insulin resistance. The common oral manifestations in diabetics are periodontal diseases, fungal infection, salivary dysfunction, burning mouth syndrome, delayed wound healing etc.This article aims to review and increase the awareness among the dental professionals about oral manifestations and complications of diabetes mellitus.

Keywords


Hyperglycaemia, Xerostomia, Burning Mouth Syndrome, Periodontitis.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F192393