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Cultural Factors Affecting the Spread of HIV/AIDS among the Women in Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya


Affiliations
1 Amity Institute of Anthropology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
     

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Despite years of study and lack of empirical evidence, assumptions about culture as a co-factor in the spread of HIV/AIDS still persist. In recent years, more and more ideas about cultural causality have been called into question, and often disproved by studies. Thus, in light of new evidence, socio cultural causes of the disease, is both warranted and long overdue. The overall objective of this paper is to unravel the sociocultural factors contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS among the Jaintia women of Meghalaya. The study adopted mixed research methodology, both qualitative and quantitative. The research designs employed were explorative, descriptive and contextual. The findings revealed that social cultural factors which include gender issues, violence, presence of risk beahviours, stigma and discrimination lead to HIV infection in the study area. Other issues which emerged include lack of information about HIV/AIDS, poverty, unsafe sexual practices, ignorance and cultural beliefs.

Keywords

Socio-Cultural Factors, HIV/AIDS, Jaintia Women, Meghalaya.
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  • Cultural Factors Affecting the Spread of HIV/AIDS among the Women in Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya

Abstract Views: 297  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Monsumi Barooah
Amity Institute of Anthropology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
P. C. Joshi
Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Roumi Deb
Amity Institute of Anthropology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract


Despite years of study and lack of empirical evidence, assumptions about culture as a co-factor in the spread of HIV/AIDS still persist. In recent years, more and more ideas about cultural causality have been called into question, and often disproved by studies. Thus, in light of new evidence, socio cultural causes of the disease, is both warranted and long overdue. The overall objective of this paper is to unravel the sociocultural factors contributing to the spread of HIV/AIDS among the Jaintia women of Meghalaya. The study adopted mixed research methodology, both qualitative and quantitative. The research designs employed were explorative, descriptive and contextual. The findings revealed that social cultural factors which include gender issues, violence, presence of risk beahviours, stigma and discrimination lead to HIV infection in the study area. Other issues which emerged include lack of information about HIV/AIDS, poverty, unsafe sexual practices, ignorance and cultural beliefs.

Keywords


Socio-Cultural Factors, HIV/AIDS, Jaintia Women, Meghalaya.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F192203