An Epidemiological Study of Diabetes Mellitus among Adult Population in an Urban Area of Odisha
Introduction or Background: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is the most common (85-90% of) non-communicable disease now a days in the World. It currently affects more than 62 million Indians with the average onset at 42 years. So the current study is carried out with the objectives of -1. To identify the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus among adult population, 2. Assess the risk factors associated with development of Diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Method: A total of 170 adults were selected as study population after sample size calculation. During the study Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) and post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) was estimated to identify diabetes mellitus.Information from the study population was collected through pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire using different anthropometric measurements.
Results: Out of 170 study subjects,105 were male and 65 were female.27(15.9%) participants were having increased FBS and PPBS and are diagnosed as diabetes mellitus. Most of the diabetics are in the age group of 40 to 60 years.11 (40%) diabetics in study population were found to be obese (BMI >30).
Conclusions: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus was higher (15.9%) in the study population. So repeated awareness campaigns with screening of diabetes mellitus are required in the community to decrease the complications arise due to the disease.
Abstract Views: 271
PDF Views: 0