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Magnitude of Coexisting Cognitive Impairment and Depression among Elderly in Urban Field Practice Area of Mysuru City, Karnataka


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1 Department of Community Medicine, JSS Medical College, Mysuru, India
     

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Background: Cognitive impairment(CI) is an important clinical issue among elderly patients with depression and has a more complex etiology. The objective of the present study was to screen a representative sample of adults aged ≥60 years for the prevalence of Cognitive Impairment and Depression.

Method: A Community based Cross-sectional study done among 290 elderly in a declared slum area, Medar’s block, Mysuru city, Karnataka. Standard tools like Mini-Cog questionnaire was used to assess Cognitive Impairment and Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS) to estimate the prevalence of depression.

Results: Among the study participants, 201(69.3%) belonged to the age group of 60-69 years and most of them belonged to medium Standard of living Index(SLI) 201(69%). The prevalence of cognitive impairment was 132(45.5 %) and suggestive depression was seen in 141(48.6%) of the elderly.

Conclusion: There was an association between cognitive impairment and depression which in turn had a significant impact on activities of daily living. Early diagnosis of these problems with appropriate intervention can bring about significant change in the quality of life among the elderly.


Keywords

Cognitive Impairment, Activities of Daily Living, Depression, Functional Status, Mental Health, Elderly.
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  • Magnitude of Coexisting Cognitive Impairment and Depression among Elderly in Urban Field Practice Area of Mysuru City, Karnataka

Abstract Views: 67  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

M. Renuka
Department of Community Medicine, JSS Medical College, Mysuru, India
Meghana Narendran
Department of Community Medicine, JSS Medical College, Mysuru, India
M. R. Narayana Murthy
Department of Community Medicine, JSS Medical College, Mysuru, India

Abstract


Background: Cognitive impairment(CI) is an important clinical issue among elderly patients with depression and has a more complex etiology. The objective of the present study was to screen a representative sample of adults aged ≥60 years for the prevalence of Cognitive Impairment and Depression.

Method: A Community based Cross-sectional study done among 290 elderly in a declared slum area, Medar’s block, Mysuru city, Karnataka. Standard tools like Mini-Cog questionnaire was used to assess Cognitive Impairment and Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS) to estimate the prevalence of depression.

Results: Among the study participants, 201(69.3%) belonged to the age group of 60-69 years and most of them belonged to medium Standard of living Index(SLI) 201(69%). The prevalence of cognitive impairment was 132(45.5 %) and suggestive depression was seen in 141(48.6%) of the elderly.

Conclusion: There was an association between cognitive impairment and depression which in turn had a significant impact on activities of daily living. Early diagnosis of these problems with appropriate intervention can bring about significant change in the quality of life among the elderly.


Keywords


Cognitive Impairment, Activities of Daily Living, Depression, Functional Status, Mental Health, Elderly.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F192034