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Human Development in India with Special Reference to Health


Affiliations
1 Department of Economics, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India
2 Department of Commerce, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India
     

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Human resource development has been acknowledged to be a key factor in the process of economic growth, as the character and pace of economic and social development of any country are ultimately determined not by its capital of its material resources but by human resources. The abundant physical resources alone cannot benefit the growth of the country without human resources component, which transforms physical resources into productive resources. Human resource should also be looked after properly and continuously regarding various aspects like development and economic, social and psychological aspects. Public health facilities are allocated on the basis of primary health centers dispensaries through which preventive and primitive care is provided. India spends about 4.9 per cent of its GDP on health with the share of public expenditure fixed at 0.9 per cent compared to private is 4 per cent of private expenditure. The private healthcare is much larger and widespread than public health services. The improvement people in the health status been one of the major thrust areas for the social development programs of the country. Over the last five decades, India has built up vast health infrastructure and manpower at primary, secondary and tertiary care in government, voluntary and private sectors.

Keywords

Human Development, Health Care, Communicable Diseases, Health Status, Life Expectancy, Nutrition and Health Expenditures.
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  • Human Development in India with Special Reference to Health

Abstract Views: 282  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

M. Ramesh
Department of Economics, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India
S. Saravanan
Department of Economics, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India
S. N. Sugumar
Department of Economics, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India
K. Kalaiselvi
Department of Commerce, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India
E. Rajarethinam
Department of Economics, VELS Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, (Deemed to be University) Chennai, India

Abstract


Human resource development has been acknowledged to be a key factor in the process of economic growth, as the character and pace of economic and social development of any country are ultimately determined not by its capital of its material resources but by human resources. The abundant physical resources alone cannot benefit the growth of the country without human resources component, which transforms physical resources into productive resources. Human resource should also be looked after properly and continuously regarding various aspects like development and economic, social and psychological aspects. Public health facilities are allocated on the basis of primary health centers dispensaries through which preventive and primitive care is provided. India spends about 4.9 per cent of its GDP on health with the share of public expenditure fixed at 0.9 per cent compared to private is 4 per cent of private expenditure. The private healthcare is much larger and widespread than public health services. The improvement people in the health status been one of the major thrust areas for the social development programs of the country. Over the last five decades, India has built up vast health infrastructure and manpower at primary, secondary and tertiary care in government, voluntary and private sectors.

Keywords


Human Development, Health Care, Communicable Diseases, Health Status, Life Expectancy, Nutrition and Health Expenditures.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F192023