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Biomimics:Skeletal System to Structural System


Affiliations
1 Department of Civil Engineering, SRMIST, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram Dt, TN, India
     

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Biomimicry is the concept of mimicking nature and is efficient in terms of its performance, sustainable and innovative in terms of solving a problem in a unique way rather than the conventional method and has future scope. In the field of architecture, the concept can be used to improve the design of the structure, its construction techniques and to reduce its impact on the environment. This knowledge makes us think in an innovative way for creating improved civil engineering and architectural structures. Human Skeleton is the highest evolving species. The human leg bone (Femur) carries the total weight of the body and the human hand bone (Humerus) acts as a tension member. Similar to the natural human skeletal elements, the column which is a structural element plays the major role in the building by transferring the total weight of the body to the earth surface. This key idea of nature is mimicking to the composite columns of the framed structures, which should withstand both vertical and horizontal loading of structure. Research is carried out to model a column similar to the stress pattern of the human leg bone and a tie member similar to the stress pattern of human hand bone. By which the human skeletal system is being mimicked to form a structural system for building construction. In this paper some of the bio inspired structures and the literatures related to biomimics and the femur and humerus bone analysiswere discussed.

Keywords

Biomimics, Skeletal System, Structural Systems, Literature, Femur, Humerus.
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  • Biomimics:Skeletal System to Structural System

Abstract Views: 296  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

S. SindhuNachiar
Department of Civil Engineering, SRMIST, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram Dt, TN, India
K. S. Satyanarayanan
Department of Civil Engineering, SRMIST, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram Dt, TN, India
M. Lakshmipathy
Department of Civil Engineering, SRMIST, Kattankulathur, Kanchipuram Dt, TN, India

Abstract


Biomimicry is the concept of mimicking nature and is efficient in terms of its performance, sustainable and innovative in terms of solving a problem in a unique way rather than the conventional method and has future scope. In the field of architecture, the concept can be used to improve the design of the structure, its construction techniques and to reduce its impact on the environment. This knowledge makes us think in an innovative way for creating improved civil engineering and architectural structures. Human Skeleton is the highest evolving species. The human leg bone (Femur) carries the total weight of the body and the human hand bone (Humerus) acts as a tension member. Similar to the natural human skeletal elements, the column which is a structural element plays the major role in the building by transferring the total weight of the body to the earth surface. This key idea of nature is mimicking to the composite columns of the framed structures, which should withstand both vertical and horizontal loading of structure. Research is carried out to model a column similar to the stress pattern of the human leg bone and a tie member similar to the stress pattern of human hand bone. By which the human skeletal system is being mimicked to form a structural system for building construction. In this paper some of the bio inspired structures and the literatures related to biomimics and the femur and humerus bone analysiswere discussed.

Keywords


Biomimics, Skeletal System, Structural Systems, Literature, Femur, Humerus.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F192003