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Prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization among School Children Aged 9 to 12 Years in Virajpet, Karnataka, India


Affiliations
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
2 A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, India
3 Deparment of Orthodontics and Orthopedics, Subbaiah Institute of Dental Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
     

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Aim: To determine the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization among school children aged 9 to 12 years in virajpet, Karnataka.

Method: This cross-sectional descriptive study consisted of 1600 school children aged 9-12 years selected by stratified cluster sampling procedure. The European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria were followed for MIH diagnosis. Chi-square test was used toanalyze the categorical data. P ≤ 0.05 was considered for statistical significance.

Results: The prevalence of MIH is 13.12 % with no gender predilection. 10 year old children showed the highest prevalence (15%) among all the age group.Majority of children with MIH (70.2%) have lesions in both molars and incisors with demarcated opacities and atypical restorations being the most frequent defect type.

Conclusion: Prevalence of MIH was 13.12% in the 9-12 year child population in Virajpet. There is a need for a properplanned preventive and restorative program with regard to the increasing prevalence of MIH.


Keywords

First Permanent Molar, Developmental Defects, Hypomineralization, Post Eruptive Breakdown, Incisors.
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  • Prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization among School Children Aged 9 to 12 Years in Virajpet, Karnataka, India

Abstract Views: 276  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

M. R. Pooja
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Jithesh Jain
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
S. R. Ananda
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Bhakti Jaduram Sadhu
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, India
Rohit A. Nair
A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, India
Keerthan Shashidhar
Deparment of Orthodontics and Orthopedics, Subbaiah Institute of Dental Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Abstract


Aim: To determine the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization among school children aged 9 to 12 years in virajpet, Karnataka.

Method: This cross-sectional descriptive study consisted of 1600 school children aged 9-12 years selected by stratified cluster sampling procedure. The European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria were followed for MIH diagnosis. Chi-square test was used toanalyze the categorical data. P ≤ 0.05 was considered for statistical significance.

Results: The prevalence of MIH is 13.12 % with no gender predilection. 10 year old children showed the highest prevalence (15%) among all the age group.Majority of children with MIH (70.2%) have lesions in both molars and incisors with demarcated opacities and atypical restorations being the most frequent defect type.

Conclusion: Prevalence of MIH was 13.12% in the 9-12 year child population in Virajpet. There is a need for a properplanned preventive and restorative program with regard to the increasing prevalence of MIH.


Keywords


First Permanent Molar, Developmental Defects, Hypomineralization, Post Eruptive Breakdown, Incisors.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F191973