Corelation of Gycaemic Control, Age and Duration of Disease with the Quality of Life in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in the Field Practice Area of a Medical College
Diabetes is a chronic progressive endocrine disease characterized by elevation of blood glucose level. This disease is associated with decreased life expectancy; increased morbidity and diminished quality of life. Measuring QOL is important, because by doing so we can predict the patient’s capacity as well as ability to manage the disease and to maintain overall well-being and the long-term health. The objective of the study was to study the correlation of glycaemic control, age and duration of disease with quality of life in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Material and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted 200 patients, 100 each from rural and urban centers, at field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, MMIMSR, Mullana. The survey has been conducted with the help of pretested, semi-structured questionnaires. The softwares used for the data-entry and the analysis of the data are Microsoft Excel and IBM SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 21. FINDINGS: 42% of the subjects were between 61-70 years of age. 55.5% were males and 44.5% were females. 24% were having the disease for last 11-15 years. Males had higher QOL scores than females. Scores were more for the patients of rural areas than urban areas, those patients who did not develop any complications or co-morbidity, patients who were employed. Scores were also better for those patients who had HbA1c level less than 7. Scores were minimum for those subjects belonging to the age group of >70 years and belonging to upper socio-economic class.
Conclusion: Poor QOL was associated with increasing age, duration of disease and poor glycaemic control.
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