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Study of Factors Affecting Low Birth Weight of Newborn in Uttar Pradesh


Affiliations
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, G.S. Medical College, Peeplabandapur, Pilkhuwa (UP), India
2 Department of Paediatrics, G.S. Medical College, Peeplabandapur, Pilkhuwa (UP), India
     

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82 (Eighty two)pregnant ladies aged between 16-30 years were studied. The maternal history wasqualification, 38(46.3%) were illiterate, 28(34%) were primary school educated, 16(19.5%) were secondary school educated. The habits were, 4(4.87%)were smokers, 36(43.9%) were passive smokers, 42(51.2%) were Tobacco chewers. Socio-economic status was 12(14.6%) were house wives, 17(20.7) were shop keepers, 53(64.3%) were laborer. The material age was, 38(46.3%) were aged between 16-19 were, 29(35.3%), were aged between 20-25,15(18.2%) were aged between 26-30. The clinical manifestation during pregnancy was -14(17%) had PIH, 4(4.87%) had pre-eclampsia, 2(2.43%) had eclampsia, 6(7.31%) had gestational diabetes, 24(29.2%) had APH, 32(30%) had PROM. The obstetric factors were 30(36.5%) were prim pares, 52(63.4%) were multiparous, 62(75.6%) had history of LBW, 38(46.3%) had history of miscarriage, the period of amenorrhea was -22,(26.8%) had 28 to 37 weeks, 53(64.3%) had 38-40 weeks 7(8.53%) had above 40 week 5(6.09%) had multiple pregnancy. This pragmatic approach study of LBW will be quite helpful to obstetrics and gynecologist, pediatrician, physician to treat such patients actively to prevent morbidity and mortality of low birth newborn which is a great threat and challenge to the medical fraternity globally.

Keywords

PIH-pregnancy Induced Hypertension, APH= Ante Partum Hemorrhage, PROM= Premature Rapture of Membrane, LBW= Low Birth Weight.
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  • Study of Factors Affecting Low Birth Weight of Newborn in Uttar Pradesh

Abstract Views: 295  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Ambri Agarwal
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, G.S. Medical College, Peeplabandapur, Pilkhuwa (UP), India
Prashant Tomar
Department of Paediatrics, G.S. Medical College, Peeplabandapur, Pilkhuwa (UP), India

Abstract


82 (Eighty two)pregnant ladies aged between 16-30 years were studied. The maternal history wasqualification, 38(46.3%) were illiterate, 28(34%) were primary school educated, 16(19.5%) were secondary school educated. The habits were, 4(4.87%)were smokers, 36(43.9%) were passive smokers, 42(51.2%) were Tobacco chewers. Socio-economic status was 12(14.6%) were house wives, 17(20.7) were shop keepers, 53(64.3%) were laborer. The material age was, 38(46.3%) were aged between 16-19 were, 29(35.3%), were aged between 20-25,15(18.2%) were aged between 26-30. The clinical manifestation during pregnancy was -14(17%) had PIH, 4(4.87%) had pre-eclampsia, 2(2.43%) had eclampsia, 6(7.31%) had gestational diabetes, 24(29.2%) had APH, 32(30%) had PROM. The obstetric factors were 30(36.5%) were prim pares, 52(63.4%) were multiparous, 62(75.6%) had history of LBW, 38(46.3%) had history of miscarriage, the period of amenorrhea was -22,(26.8%) had 28 to 37 weeks, 53(64.3%) had 38-40 weeks 7(8.53%) had above 40 week 5(6.09%) had multiple pregnancy. This pragmatic approach study of LBW will be quite helpful to obstetrics and gynecologist, pediatrician, physician to treat such patients actively to prevent morbidity and mortality of low birth newborn which is a great threat and challenge to the medical fraternity globally.

Keywords


PIH-pregnancy Induced Hypertension, APH= Ante Partum Hemorrhage, PROM= Premature Rapture of Membrane, LBW= Low Birth Weight.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v10%2Fi12%2F2019%2Fijphrd%2F191953