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Self-care Agency of Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - Effectiveness of a Self-care Enhancing Intervention


Affiliations
1 Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwavidyapeetham, Health Science Campus, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India
2 Government College of Nursing, Kottayam, Kerala, India
     

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The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Providing effective care to the women with GDM to improve the maternal and fetal outcome is a growing challenge for the nurses. The present study was conducted to identify the effect of a self-care enhancing intervention on the self-care agency of women with GDM. The study used a pre-test pot-test control group design. Forty women with GDM attending a tertiary hospital, selected as a sample of convenience were randomized to experimental and control group (20 each). The self-care agencies of both the group were assessed to form the baseline (88.4±8.7 in the experimental group and 89.1±13.3 in the control group). Participants in the experimental group were given self-care enhancing intervention to enhance their self-care agency while the control group received routine care. Self-care agency of both the groups was compared using independent sample t-test. It was found that the self-care agency of the experimental group (110.7±7.4) was significantly higher than that of the control group (96.4±10.2) following intervention. The mean gain in self-care agency in the experimental group (22.3) was also significantly higher than the control group (7.3). The findings of the study conclude that self-care enhancing intervention is effective in improving the self-care agency of women with GDM.

Keywords

Self-care Agency, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Self-care Enhancing Intervention
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  • Self-care Agency of Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - Effectiveness of a Self-care Enhancing Intervention

Abstract Views: 471  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Lekha Viswanath
Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwavidyapeetham, Health Science Campus, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India
Anne Jose
Government College of Nursing, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Abstract


The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Providing effective care to the women with GDM to improve the maternal and fetal outcome is a growing challenge for the nurses. The present study was conducted to identify the effect of a self-care enhancing intervention on the self-care agency of women with GDM. The study used a pre-test pot-test control group design. Forty women with GDM attending a tertiary hospital, selected as a sample of convenience were randomized to experimental and control group (20 each). The self-care agencies of both the group were assessed to form the baseline (88.4±8.7 in the experimental group and 89.1±13.3 in the control group). Participants in the experimental group were given self-care enhancing intervention to enhance their self-care agency while the control group received routine care. Self-care agency of both the groups was compared using independent sample t-test. It was found that the self-care agency of the experimental group (110.7±7.4) was significantly higher than that of the control group (96.4±10.2) following intervention. The mean gain in self-care agency in the experimental group (22.3) was also significantly higher than the control group (7.3). The findings of the study conclude that self-care enhancing intervention is effective in improving the self-care agency of women with GDM.

Keywords


Self-care Agency, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Self-care Enhancing Intervention