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Quality of Life, Job Burnout and Mental Health among Nurses in Iran


Affiliations
1 Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
2 UGC-Academic Staff College Pondicherry University, India
3 Department of Educational Management University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
     

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The present study aims to ascertain the relationship of quality of life with job burnout and mental health. 101 nurses (37 male and 64 female) were selected at random from a government hospital in Yazd City (Iran). Quality of Life Scale (QOLS), The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) were used to collect the data. There was a significant positive correlation between quality of life and personal accomplishment but quality of life negatively was correlated with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, physical symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, depression and total scores of mental health. Total scores of mental health (GHQ) explained 18.9% of the variance in quality of life and it was a significant negative predictor for quality of life. Personal accomplishment explained 8.5% of variance in quality of life and it was a significant positive predictor for quality of life. There was no statistically difference in study variables with regard to age. Females showed significantly higher mean scores on physical symptoms and anxiety in comparison to males. Results revealed that nurses who are working in other units of hospitals obtained higher mean scores on depression and total scores of mental health (GHQ) in comparison to Emergency, CCU&ICU, Surgery and Internal units.

Keywords

Quality of Life, Job Burnout, Mental Health, Nurses.
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  • Quality of Life, Job Burnout and Mental Health among Nurses in Iran

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Authors

Bahman Kord Tamini
Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Asghar Karamad
Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
P. Ramalingam
UGC-Academic Staff College Pondicherry University, India
Shirin Rigi
Department of Educational Management University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract


The present study aims to ascertain the relationship of quality of life with job burnout and mental health. 101 nurses (37 male and 64 female) were selected at random from a government hospital in Yazd City (Iran). Quality of Life Scale (QOLS), The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) were used to collect the data. There was a significant positive correlation between quality of life and personal accomplishment but quality of life negatively was correlated with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, physical symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, depression and total scores of mental health. Total scores of mental health (GHQ) explained 18.9% of the variance in quality of life and it was a significant negative predictor for quality of life. Personal accomplishment explained 8.5% of variance in quality of life and it was a significant positive predictor for quality of life. There was no statistically difference in study variables with regard to age. Females showed significantly higher mean scores on physical symptoms and anxiety in comparison to males. Results revealed that nurses who are working in other units of hospitals obtained higher mean scores on depression and total scores of mental health (GHQ) in comparison to Emergency, CCU&ICU, Surgery and Internal units.

Keywords


Quality of Life, Job Burnout, Mental Health, Nurses.