Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Effect of Yogic Relaxation Technique on Mental Health in Working Nurses


Affiliations
1 Department of Life Science, Swami Vivekananda Y oga Anusandhana Samsthana , Deemed-to-be University, Bengalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Physical Science, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana , Deemed-to-be University, Bengalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Yoga Therapy, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, New Delhi, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Y oga has a positive impact holistically on practitioner all aspect of health. V arious studies have found the considerable role of a yogic relaxation technique name as Cyclic Meditation (CM) in coping up with stress, balancing the autonomic nervous system, increasing memory and self-control. The Current study was conducted to see the effect of CM on stress level and mental health in nurse working at multidisciplinary hospital. This was a two-group pre-post study . Forty nurses (20 in an experimental group and 20 in control group, between the age group of 20 to 35 years), working of a multidisciplinary Indian hospital with minimum six months working experience, were made part of this study . 20 subjects underwent the CM intervention for an hour for two weeks. Before and after two weeks all were assessed by Cohen perceived stress scale (CPSS), self-control through Self Control Scale (SCS) and selective attention through Digit Letter Substitution Test (DLST), general health questionnaire (GHQ), emotion regulation through Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and mindful attention awareness Scale (MAAS). Paired sample t-test showed a significant difference in the post-test results of the CPSS, SCS and DLST in the experimental group. Independent t-test showed that there was a significant difference in CPSS, SCS between experimental and control group. CM is a very effective yogic relaxation practice which reduces stress and improved mental well-being of nurse. The current study showed reduction in stress level, enhancement of general and mental health due to practice of CM.

Keywords

Yoga, Nurses, Stress, Cyclic Meditation.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Aaronov, S., Ganon, E., Okhman, P ., Mirchin, N., Popescu, S. A., Lapsker, I., & Peled, A. (2008). Differential evanescent light intensity evaluation of A-Se nanostructure. Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, Rapid Communications, 2(10), 614-617. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348.
  • Babu, N., Nagendra, H.R., & Pradhana, B. (2013). A comparative study on two yogic relaxation techniques on anxiety in school children. International Journal of Y oga Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology, 1(2), 65. doi:10.4103/2347-5633.157887.
  • Betzabeth, S., Benavente, T., Lucia, A., & Costa, S. (2011). Physiological and emotional responses to stress in nursing students: An integrative review of scientific literature. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 24(4), 571-576.
  • Brown, K.W., & Ryan, R.M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822.
  • Burgess, L., Irvine, F., & Akhtar, W. (2011). Personality, stress and coping in intensive care nurses: A descriptive exploratory study. Nursing in Critical Care, 15(3), 129140.
  • Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceive stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior , 24 (4), 385-396. doi:10.2307/2136404.
  • Cohen, S., Ronald, C. K., & Lynn, U.G. (1997). Measuring stress: A guide for health and social scientists. Oxford University Press on Demand.
  • Daly, L.A., Haden, S.C., Hagins, M., Papouchis, N., & Ramirez, P .M. (2015). Yoga and emotion regulation in high school students: A randomized controlled trial. EvidenceBased Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 1-8 doi:10.1155/2015 /794928.
  • Davey, A., Bansal, R., Sharma, P ., Davey, S., Shukla, A., & Shrivastava, K. (2014). Occupational stress among staff nurses: Controlling the risk to health. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 18(2), 52. doi:10.4103/0 019-5278.146890.
  • De Gaudemaris, R., Levant, A., Ehlinger, V ., Hérin, F., Lepage, B., Soulat, J.M., Sobaszek, A., Kelly-Irving, M., & Lang, T. (2011). Blood pressure and working conditions in hospital nurses and nursing assistants. The ORSOSA study . Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 104(2), 97-103. doi:10.1016/j.acvd.2010.12.001.
  • Finfgeld-Connett, D. (2008). Meta-synthesis of caring in nursing. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(2), 196-204. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01824.x.
  • Harcombe, H., Herbison, G. P ., McBride, D., & Derrett, S. (2014). Musculoskeletal Disorders among nurses compared with two other occupational groups. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 64(8), 601-607. doi:10.1093/occmed/ kqu117.
  • Hockey, R. (1993). Stress and Fatigue in Human Performance V ol. 3. John Wiley and Sons Inc.
  • Jackson, C. (2006). The general health questionnaire. Occupational Medicine, 57(1), 79. doi:10.1093/occmed/kql169.
  • Kane, P.P . (2009). Stress causing psychosomatic illness among nurses. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 13(1), 28-32.
  • Kawano, Y. (2008). Association of job-related stress factors with psychological and somatic symptoms among Japanese hospital nurses: Effect of departmental environment in acute care hospitals. Journal of Occupational Health, 50(1), 79-85. doi:10.1539/joh.50.79.
  • Lin, S.L., Huang, C.Y ., Shiu, S.P ., & Yeh, S.H. (2015). Effects of yoga on stress, stress adaption, and heart rate variability among mental health professionals-a randomized controlled trial. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 12(4), 236-245. doi:10.1111/wvn.12097.
  • McVicar, A. (2003). Workplace stress in nursing: A literature review . Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44 (6), 633-642.
  • Mealer, M.L., Shelton, A., Berg, B., Rothbaum, B., & Moss, M. (2007). Increased prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in critical care nurses.
  • Andreas, M., Jeitler, M., Brunnhuber, S., Lüdtke, R., Büssing, A., Musial, F., Dobos, G., & Kessler, C. (2012). Iyengar yoga for distressed women: A 3-armed randomized controlled trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. doi:10.1155/2012/408727.
  • American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 175(7), 693-697. doi:10.1164/rccm.200606-735OC.
  • Mohamed, F. A., Gaafar, Y . A., & Abd Alkader, W. M. (2011). Pediatric nurses' stresses in intensive care units and its related factors. Journal of American Science, 7(9), 304315.
  • Mönnikes, H., Tebbe, J. J., Hildebrandt, M., Arck, P ., Osmanoglou, E., Rose, M., Klapp, B., Wiedenmann, B., & Heymann, M.I. (2001). Role of stress in functional gastrointestinal disorders. Digestive Diseases, 19(3), 201-211.
  • Nagendra, H.R., & Raghuram, N. (1997). New perspectives in stress management. Bengalore: Swami Vivekananda Yoga Publications.
  • Patra, S., & Telles, S. (2009). Positive impact of cyclic meditation on subsequent sleep. Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research, 15(7), 375-381. doi:869714 [pii].
  • Pradhana, B., & Nagendra, H.R. (2009). Effect of yoga relaxation techniques on performance of digit letter substitution task by teenagers. International Journal of Y oga: International Journal of Y oga, 2(1), 30-35.
  • Pradhana, B., & Nagendra, H.R. (2010). Immediate effect of two yoga-based relaxation techniques on attention in children. International Journal of Y oga, 3(2), 67-69.
  • Ross, A., & Thomas, S. (2010). The health benefits of yoga and exercise: A review of comparison studies. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(1), 3-12. doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0044.
  • Sarang, P.S., & Telles, S. (2006a). Changes in P300 following two yoga-based relaxation techniques. International Journal of Neuroscience, 116(12), 1419-1430. doi:10.108 0/ 00207450500514193.
  • Sarang, P.S., & Telles, S. (2006b). Oxygen consumption and respiration during and after two yoga relaxation techniques. Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, 31(2), 143153. doi:10.1007/s10484-006-9012-8.
  • Sharma, J., Lochan R.D., & Tyagi, A. (2016). Stress as a mediator between work family conflict and psychological health among the nursing staff: Moderating role of emotional intelligence. Applied Nursing Research, 30, 286-275.
  • Streeter, C. C., Gerbarg, P . L., Saper, R. B., Ciraulo, D. A., & Brown, R. P . (2012). Effects of yoga on the autonomic nervous system, gamma-aminobutyric-acid, and allostasis in epilepsy, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Medical Hypotheses, 78(5), 571-579. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2012.01.021.
  • Pailoor, S., & Telles, S. (2009). Effect of two yoga-based relaxation techniques on memory scores and state anxiety. BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 3, 37. doi:10.1186/17 51-0759-3-8.
  • Suresh, S., & Umesh, S. (2018). effect of cyclic meditation on caregivers stress among families of children. International Journal of Ayurveda,6(3), 24-31.
  • Swami, C. (1984). Mandukya Upanisat. Bombay: Sachin Publishers.
  • Tangney, J.P., Baumeister, R. F. & Boone, A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72(2), 271-324. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004. 00263.x.
  • Tao, H., Ellenbecker, C.H., Wang, Y ., & Li, Y . (2015). Examining perception of job satisfaction and intention to leave among ICU nurses in China. International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 2(2), 140-148. doi:10.1016/j.ijnss.2015.04.007.
  • Telles, S., & Sarang, P .S. (2000). Oxygen consumption and respiration during and after two yoga relaxation techniques. Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, 31(2), 143-153. doi:10.1007/s10484-006-9012-8.
  • Teng, C.I., Chang, S.S., & Hsu, K.H. (2009). Emotional stability of nurses: Impact on patient safety . Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(10), 2088-2096. doi:10.111 1/j.1365-2648.2009.05072.x.
  • Tayebe, M., Azadi, F., Pahlavanzadeh, S., & Meghdadi, N. (2012). The effect of yoga on coping strategies among intensive care unit nurses. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research,17(6), 421-424.
  • Teng, C.I., Hsiao, F.J., & Chou, T.A. (2010). Nurse perceived time pressure and patient perceived care quality. Journal of Nursing Management, 18(3), 275-284.
  • Wu, H., Chi, T.S., Chen, L. I., Wang, L., & Jin, Y .P . (2010). Occupational stress among hospital nurses: Cross sectional survey . Journal of Advanced Nursing, 66(3), 627634.
  • Yousefi, H., Mirzamohamadi, M., & Nazari, F. (2015). The effect of massage therapy on occupational stress of intensive care unit nurses. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 20(4), 508-515. doi:10.4103/1735-9066.161001.
  • Zupiria, G. X., Egilegor, X.H., Erice, M.J.A., Iturriotz, M.J.U., Garate, I.E., Lasa, M.B., & Cascante, X.S. (2007). Stress sources in nursing practice: Evolution during nursing training. Nurse Education T oday, 27(7), 777-787. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2006.10.017.

Abstract Views: 43

PDF Views: 0




  • Effect of Yogic Relaxation Technique on Mental Health in Working Nurses

Abstract Views: 43  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

M. Shriti
Department of Life Science, Swami Vivekananda Y oga Anusandhana Samsthana , Deemed-to-be University, Bengalore, Karnataka, India
Kuntal Ghosh
Department of Physical Science, Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana , Deemed-to-be University, Bengalore, Karnataka, India
Guru Deo
Department of Yoga Therapy, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga, New Delhi, India

Abstract


Y oga has a positive impact holistically on practitioner all aspect of health. V arious studies have found the considerable role of a yogic relaxation technique name as Cyclic Meditation (CM) in coping up with stress, balancing the autonomic nervous system, increasing memory and self-control. The Current study was conducted to see the effect of CM on stress level and mental health in nurse working at multidisciplinary hospital. This was a two-group pre-post study . Forty nurses (20 in an experimental group and 20 in control group, between the age group of 20 to 35 years), working of a multidisciplinary Indian hospital with minimum six months working experience, were made part of this study . 20 subjects underwent the CM intervention for an hour for two weeks. Before and after two weeks all were assessed by Cohen perceived stress scale (CPSS), self-control through Self Control Scale (SCS) and selective attention through Digit Letter Substitution Test (DLST), general health questionnaire (GHQ), emotion regulation through Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and mindful attention awareness Scale (MAAS). Paired sample t-test showed a significant difference in the post-test results of the CPSS, SCS and DLST in the experimental group. Independent t-test showed that there was a significant difference in CPSS, SCS between experimental and control group. CM is a very effective yogic relaxation practice which reduces stress and improved mental well-being of nurse. The current study showed reduction in stress level, enhancement of general and mental health due to practice of CM.

Keywords


Yoga, Nurses, Stress, Cyclic Meditation.

References