Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Media and Adolescent Body Image: A Qualitative Meta-Analysis


Affiliations
1 Department of Psychology, JAIN University , Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Management, JAIN University , Bangalore, Karnataka, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


The aim of this meta-analysis is to understand the prevalence of media influences on the basis of cultural differences and to thematically synthesize studies based on the repertoire of aims with respect to stereotyping in terms of gender and culturally variant audiences, as well as the role of films and advertisements on the lifestyle of individuals, especially in India. This qualitative meta-analysis includes 37 researches, out of which 22 of them are Indian researches to highlight the cultural aspect of the impact of media exposure on adolescent body image. The method used for this qualitative meta-analysis is thematic analysis as the researches were divided into Indian and Non-Indian Researches based on themes such as the prevalence of media influence, media stereotypes and impact of films and advertisement. It has become evident that India is significantly prevalent in popularizing media content in terms of gender stereotypes, and directly linking a clear correlation with body image among both, children and adolescents which not only have proved to influence their identity but also the process of development in other aspects. More researches on media studies pertaining to its prevalence in media exposure and body image concerns involving studies from different parts of the world is also recommended to highlight the cultural aspect and enhance the level of understanding in terms of adolescents' perceptions as well as the socio-cultural influences in the identity formation of the adolescent.

Keywords

Media Exposure, Adolescent, Media Stereotyping, Films and Advertisements, Body Image.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Anuradha, M. (2016, April 4). Gender stereotyping in television commercials aimed at children in India. Media Asia, 39(4), 209-215. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/012966 12.2012.11689939
  • Bogt, T. F ., Engels, R. C., Bogers, S., & Kloosterman, M. (2010, August 27). Shake it baby, shake it: Media preferences, sexual attitudes and gender stereotypes among adolescents. Sex Roles, 63(11-12), 844-859. doi:DOI: 10.1007/s11199-010-9815-1
  • Clay, D., Vignoles, V . L., & Dittmar, H. (2005, November 30). Body image and selfesteem among adolescent girls: Testing the influence of socio-cultural factors. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15(4), 451-477. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00107.x
  • Coyne, S. M., Padilla-Walker, L. M., & Howard, E. (2013). Emerging in a digital world: A decade review of media use, effects, and gratifications in emerging adulthood.Emerging Adulthood, 1(2), 125-137. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/2167696813479 782
  • Daniels, E. A., & Zurbriggen, E. L. (2016, June 10). It's not the right way to do stuff on facebook: An investigation of adolescent girls' and young women's attitudes toward sexualized photos on social media. Sexuality and Culture, 20(4), 936-964. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-0169367-9
  • Das, M. (2011, February). Gender role portrayals in Indian television ads. Sex Roles, 64(3), 208-222. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-010-9750-1
  • Das, M. (2016). Portrayal of Women in Indian T elevision Advertisements: An Exploratory Study. PhD thesis, BITS Pilani. Retrieved April 5, 2019, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e133/a95cdf01fb16 4cd44f804e247a8fd4e 17017.pdf?_ ga=2.162033727.2074865723.1554436746-1742912067.1552473021
  • Farmer, K.M., Kosterina, E., Sariñana, S.L., Plocha, A., & Randazzo, R. (2015, November 27). What's sexy? Adolescent girls discuss confidence, danger, and media influence. Gender and Education, 28(4), 527-545. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/0954 0253.2015.1107528
  • Jain, P ., Roy, E., Garud, N., & Mazid, I. (2019, March 21). Sexuality and substance abuse portrayals in item songs in Bollywood movies. South Asian Popular Culture, 17(1), 15-29. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/14746689.2019.1585605
  • Khan, S., & Taylor, L. D. (2018, July 1). Gender policing in mainstream Hindi cinema: A decade of central female characters in top-grossing bollywood movies. International Journal of Communication, 12, 3641-3662. Retrieved April 6, 2019, from https://ij oc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/download/8701/2448
  • Klein, K. M. (2013, December 2). Why don't I look like her? The impact of social media on female body image. Claremont McKenna College Senior Theses, pp. 1-123. Retrieved March 31, 2019, from https://scholarship.claremont.edu/cgi/view content.cgi?article=1749&context=cmc_theses
  • Kumari, A., & Joshi, H. (2015, April). Gender stereotyped portrayal of women in the media: Perception and impact on adolescent. International Organization of Scientific Research-Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 20(4), 44-52.doi:DOI: 10.9790/0837-20424452
  • Levesque, R. J. (2007). Adolescents' body images and the media. In R. J. Levesque (Ed.), Adolescents, media, and the law: What developmental science reveals and free speech requires (pp. 61-63). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Madaan, N., Mehta, S., Agarwaal, T. S., Malhotra, V ., Aggarwal, A., & Saxena, M. (2017, October 11). Analyzing gender stereotyping in bollywood movies. ArXiv, abs/1710.04117, 1-8. Retrieved April 6, 2019, from https://arxiv.org/pdf/1710 .04117.pdf
  • Mills, J., & Hogue, J. (2019). The effects of active social media engagement with peers on body image in young women. Body Image, 28, 1-5. doi:https://doi.org/10.10 16/j.bodyim.2018.11.002
  • Mishra, S. (2017, October 5). Looking westwards: Men in transnational men's magazine advertising in India. Global Media and Communication, 13(1), 1-18. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/1742766517734254
  • Nagar, I., & Virk, R. (2017, February 1). The struggle between the real and ideal: Impact of acute media exposure on body image of young Indian women. SAGE Open, 7(1), 1-12. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017691327
  • Naidu, R. (2016, April 1). Using photographs to surface prejudices and increase cultural sensitivity via documentary photography of T amil Nadu India. Carnegie Mellon University: Senior Honors Thesis, 1-25. Retrieved March 31, 2019, from file:///C:/Users/sonia/Downloads/UsingPhotographsToSurfacePrejudicesandIncre aseCulturalSen.pdf
  • Narayan, A., & Nayak, S. (2019). Contemporary Indian television commercials: An exposition or creation of values? In M. Epure and L. C. Mihăeş (Ed.), The role of language and symbols in promotional strategies and marketing schemes (pp. 65-83). Romania: IGI Global. doi:DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5778-4
  • Padhy, S., Khatana, S., & Sarkar, S. (2014, May 13). Media and mental illness: Relevance to India. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 60(2), 163-170. Retrieved March 31, 2019, from http://www.jpgmonline.com/text.asp?2014/60/2/163/1323 31
  • Radhamani, D., & Guntur, A. R. (2016, May). Children's interest in TV advertisements and their TV viewing behaviour. Indian Journal of Marketing, 46(5), 55-66. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17010/ijom%2F2016%2Fv46%2Fi5%2F92489
  • Rasul, A., & Ranley, A. A. (2016, April 1). Learning through entertainment: The effects of bollywood movies on the job-seeking behavior of South Asian female. International Communication Gazette, 78(3), 267-287. doi:https://doi.org/10.117 7/1748048515601577
  • Rekha, S. V ., & Maran, K. (2012, June). Advertisement pressure and its impact on body dissatisfaction and body image perception of women in India. Global Media Journal Indian Edition, 3(1), 1-9. Retrieved April 1, 2019, from http://www.caluniv .ac.in/global-mdia-journal/Article/A2%20R%20V%20MARAN.pdf
  • Sandhu, N., & Singh, D. (2018, January 18). Gender contamination in Indian automobile advertisements: Male acceptance or alienation? Paradigm, 21(2), 139-155. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0971890717736212
  • Sandoiu, A. (2018, November 19). How does social media use affect our body image? Retrieved June 28, 2019, from Medical News Today: https://www.medicalnews today.com/articles/323725.php
  • Sarkar, S. (2014, March). Media and women image: A feminist discourse. Journal of Media and Communication Studies, 6(3), 48-58. doi:DOI: 10.5897/JMCS2014.0384
  • Sepúlveda, A. R., & Calado, M. (2012, February 22). Westernization: The role of mass media on body image and eating disorders. Relevant T opics in Eating Disorders, pp.47-65. doi:DOI: 10.5772/31307
  • Sharma, K. (2015, August 22). Influence of media exposure on vocational interest among adolescents. International Journal of Applied Research, 1(10), 30-33. Retrieved March 31, 2019, from http://www.allresearchjournal.com/archi ves/2015/vol1issue10/PartA/1-9-152.pdf
  • Sharma, S., & Das, M. (2016, November). Fetishizing women: Advertising in Indian Television and its effects on target audiences. Journal of International Women's Studies, 18(1), 114-132. Retrieved April 6, 2019, from https://pdfs.semantic scholar.org/e1c3/f6c7dcff7f9e746589642bb1ec705f7c599a.pdf?_ga=2.168219810.2074865723.1554436746-1742912067.1552473021
  • Singh, J., & Sandhu, N. (2011, June). Impact of television commercials on the social and moral behavior of indian viewers empirical evidence. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science: Special Issue, 1(7), 178-187. Retrieved April 1, 2019, from http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/V ol._1_No._7_[Special_Issue_June_2011]/23.pdf
  • Tarif, M., & Khan, M. A. (2017). Offensive advertising: A religion based Indian study . Journal of Islamic Marketing, 8(4), 656-668. doi:https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA072015-005
  • Tiggermann, M., & Barbato, I. (2019, December). "Y ou look great!": The effect of viewing appearance-related Instagram comments on women's body image. Body Image, 27, 61-66. Retrieved June 28, 2019
  • Times News Network (2013, August 22). T amil leads as India tops film production. Retrieved September 1, 2019, from The Times of India: https://timesofindia.india times.com/city/hyderabad/Tamil-leads-as-India-tops-film-production/articleshow/21967065.cms
  • Uchoa, F. N., Lustosa, R. P ., Rocha, M. T., Daniele, T . M., Deana, N. F., Alves, N., & Aranha, A. C. (2017, January). Media influence and body dissatisfaction in Brazilian adolescents. Biomedical Research- India, 28(6), 2445-2451. Retrieved March 31, 2019
  • Villani, D., Gatti, E., Triberti, S., Confalonieri, E., & Riva, G. (2016, December). Exploration of virtual body-representation in adolescence: The role of age and sex in avatar customization. Springer Plus, 5(1), 1-13. doi:DOI: 10.1186/s40064-0162520-y
  • Viswanath, K., Ackerson, L. K., Sorensen, G., & Gupta, P . C. (2010, June 29). Movies and TV Influence tobacco use in India: Findings from a national survey . Public Library of Science, 5(6), e11365. doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011365
  • Vonderen, K.E., & Kinnally, W. (2012, March). Media effects on body image: Examining media exposure in the broader context of internal and other social factors. American Communication Journal, 14(2), 41-57. doi:https://ac-journal.org/journal/pubs/2012/SPRING%202012/McKinnally3.pdf
  • Wong, S. N., Keum, B. T., Caffarel, D., Srinivasan, R., Morshedian, N., Capodilupo, C. M., & Brewster, M. E. (2017). Exploring the conceptualization of body image for Asian American women. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 8(4), 296–307. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/aap0000077

Abstract Views: 39

PDF Views: 0




  • Media and Adolescent Body Image: A Qualitative Meta-Analysis

Abstract Views: 39  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Sonia David
Department of Psychology, JAIN University , Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Uma Warrier
Department of Management, JAIN University , Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Abstract


The aim of this meta-analysis is to understand the prevalence of media influences on the basis of cultural differences and to thematically synthesize studies based on the repertoire of aims with respect to stereotyping in terms of gender and culturally variant audiences, as well as the role of films and advertisements on the lifestyle of individuals, especially in India. This qualitative meta-analysis includes 37 researches, out of which 22 of them are Indian researches to highlight the cultural aspect of the impact of media exposure on adolescent body image. The method used for this qualitative meta-analysis is thematic analysis as the researches were divided into Indian and Non-Indian Researches based on themes such as the prevalence of media influence, media stereotypes and impact of films and advertisement. It has become evident that India is significantly prevalent in popularizing media content in terms of gender stereotypes, and directly linking a clear correlation with body image among both, children and adolescents which not only have proved to influence their identity but also the process of development in other aspects. More researches on media studies pertaining to its prevalence in media exposure and body image concerns involving studies from different parts of the world is also recommended to highlight the cultural aspect and enhance the level of understanding in terms of adolescents' perceptions as well as the socio-cultural influences in the identity formation of the adolescent.

Keywords


Media Exposure, Adolescent, Media Stereotyping, Films and Advertisements, Body Image.

References