Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
A Pilot Study of Compassion-Focused Visual Art Therapy for Sexually Abused Children and the Potential Role of Self-Compassion in Reducing Trauma-Related Shame
In contemporary India, the increase in child sexual abuse is an endemic. The high prevalence of CSA and adverse consequences of sexual abuses in children warrants an increased investment in the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies. The purpose of this study was to develop an intervention program for sexually abused female children on enhancing self-compassion and reducing trauma-related shame and to pilot test its feasibility and usability in the clinical practice. Development of the program involved the integration of qualitative and quantitative research designs. Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and Trauma-Related Shame Inventory (TRSI) were used to measure the level of self-compassion and trauma-related shame among the participants. Interviews and Focused-Group Discussions were carried out to get a better understanding of the severity of these problems. Basing on these, a thirteen modular intervention was developed integrating the Self-compassion theory , Shame Resilience Theory, Compassion- focused Therapy and Art Therapy. The program was subjected for validation of inter-disciplinary experts and pilot tested to ten sexually abused female children. The intervention was positively received by the participants and the results of the pilot test showed improvement in the level of self-compassion and reduction in trauma-related shame among the children.
Self-Compassion, Trauma-Related Shame, Pilot Study, Sexually Abused Female Children.
- Briere, J., & Lanktree, C. (2013). Integrative treatment of complex trauma for adolescents (ITCT -A) Treatment guide. Adolescent Trauma Training Center. Retrieved from http://keck.usc.edu/adolescent-trauma-training-center/wpcontent/uploads/sites/169/2016/07/ITCTA_Treatment_Guide_2nd_Edition_20150901.pdf
- Brown, B. (2009). Connections: A 12-session psycho-educational shame resilience curriculum. Minneapolis, MN: Hazelden.
- Castilho, P ., Carvalho, S., Marques, S., & Pinto-Gouveia, J. (2016). Self-compassion and emotional intelligence in adolescence: A multi-group mediational study of the impact of shame memories on depressive symptoms. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26, 759-768.
- Daniel, S. (2015). Exploring symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder among sexually abused children at safe house. Journal of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder , 3(4), 26-31.
- Dearing, R. L., & Tangney, J. P . (2011). Shame in the therapy hour . Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/12326-000
- Deb, S., & Mukherjee, A. (2009). Sexual abuse on mental health of children. New Delhi: Concept Publishing House.
- Deb, S., & Mukherjee, A. (2011). Background and adjustment capacity of sexually abused girls and their perceptions of intervention. Child Abuse Review, 20, 213–230.
- Deb, S., & Walsh, K. M. (2012). Impact of physical, psychological, and sexual violence on social adjustment of school children in India. School Psychology International, 33(4), 391- 415.
- Ferguson, C. (2014). Art therapy for adult survivors of child sexual abuse. Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations, 56. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/da6a/d8a7687c52f76e4381abb47be3a422275e2d.pdf
- Finkelhor, D., V anderminden, J., Turner, H., Shattuck, A., & Hamby, S. (2015). Atschool victimizaiton and violence exposure assessed in a national household survey of children and youth. Journal of School Violence, 1, 67-90.
- Fong, M., & Loi, N. M. (2016). The mediating role of self-compassion in student psychological health. Australian Psychologist, 51(6), 431-441.
- Germer, C.K., & Neff, K. (2014). Cultivating self-compassion in trauma survivors. Retrieved from https://chrisgermer.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Transform ing-Trauma.pdf
- Gilbert, P ., & Irons, C. (2008). Shame, self-criticism, and self-compassion in adolescence. In N.B. Allen and L.B. Sheeber (Eds.), Adolescent emotional development and the emergence of depressive disorders (pp. 195–214). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Goldfinch, M. (2009). 'Putting humpty together again': Working with parents to help children who have experienced early trauma. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 30(4), 284-299.
- Goodman, R. D., Miller, M. D., & West-Olatunji, C. A. (2012). Traumatic stress, socioeconomic status, and academic achievement among primary school students. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4, 252-259.
- Goodyear-Brown, P . (Ed.) (2011). Handbook of child sexual abuse: Identification, assessment, and treatment. New York: John Wiley .
- Hauser, C. T. (2016). Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences, 267. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cehsdiss/267
- King, A.P ., Erickson, T.M., Giardino, N.D., Favorite, T., Rauch, S.E., Robinson, E., & Liberson, I. (2013). A pilot study of group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depression and Anxiety, 30, 638-645.
- Malchiodi, C. A. (2015). Creative interventions with traumatized children. New York, NY: Guilford.
- Meredith, T., & Mark, L. (2011). Self-compassion, self-regulation, and health. Self and Identity , 10, 352-362.
- Middleton, W., Sachs, A., & Dorahy, M.J. (2017). The abused and the abuser: Victim perpetrator dynamics. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 18(3), 249-258.
- Moore, M. (2011). Understanding shame: The clinical implications of trauma work with female adolescents. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/cgi/ viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www .google.com.ph/&httpsredir=1&article=2022 &context=srcaf
- Neff, K. D. (2003). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and Identity , 2(2), 85-101.
- Neff, K. D. (2003). The Development and V alidation of a Scale to measure selfcompassion. Self and Identity , 2, 223-250.
- Neff, K. D., & Knox, M. C. (2017). Self-compassion. In V . Zeigler-Hill and T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of personality and individual differences. Retrieved from DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1159-1
- Neff, K.D., Kirkpatrick, K.L., & Rude, S.S. (2007). Self-compassion and adaptive psychological functioning. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 139-154.
- Oktedalen, T., Hagtvet, K.R., Hoffart, A., Langkaas, T.F ., & Smucker, M. (2014). The trauma related shame inventory: Measuring trauma-related shame among patients with PTSD. Journal Psychopathology Behavioural Assess. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263927268
- Sigurdardottir, S., & Halldorsdottir, S. (2018). Screaming body and silent healthcare providers: A case study with a childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivor. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, 94-121.
- Velotti, P ., Garofalo, C., Bottazzi, F., & Caretti, V . (2016) Faces of shame: Implications for self-esteem, emotion regulation, aggression, and well-being. The Journal of Psychology, 151(2), 171-184.
- Zabelina, D., & Robinson, M. (2010). Don't be so hard on your-self: Self-compassion facilitates creative originality among self-judgmental individuals. Creativity Research Journal, 22, 288-293.
Abstract Views: 56
PDF Views: 0