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Association between Blood Pressure and anthropometric Indicators of Obesity among Elderly Rural Women of India


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1 Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
     

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High blood pressure was known to have deleterious effects on elderly health. In India, very few studies included elderly women and fewer have focused exclusively on rural population. The current study aimed to find out the association between different anthropometric indicators of obesity and blood pressure levels in the rural population of India. Data was collected on 206 elderly Jat community women aged 60+ years m rural population of Palwal district of Haryana. Dependable variable BP was assessed using oscillometric method and independent variable included BMl, WC and WHR, categorized using WHO criteria. Analyses were adjusted for age. The relationship of blood pressure with BMl, WC and WHR shows positive correlation. Bmaiy logistic regression model reveals that BMl >27.5 kg/m2 category was 4.87 times and BMl 23.0-27.5 kg/m2 was 2.37 times more likely to have hypertension. Higher WC participants were 1.08 times and higher WHR participants 1.88 times more prone to be hypertensive than normal WC and WHR. Basic anthropometric indicators for obesity remains useful marker for higher blood pressure m the present study. So for healthy aging, obesity should be kept m the normal range by focusing more on proper diet and exercise.


Keywords

Blood Pressure, Elderly Women, Haryana, Hypertension, Obesity, Rural India.
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  • Association between Blood Pressure and anthropometric Indicators of Obesity among Elderly Rural Women of India

Abstract Views: 116  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Sayani Das
Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Shivani Chandel
Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Abstract


High blood pressure was known to have deleterious effects on elderly health. In India, very few studies included elderly women and fewer have focused exclusively on rural population. The current study aimed to find out the association between different anthropometric indicators of obesity and blood pressure levels in the rural population of India. Data was collected on 206 elderly Jat community women aged 60+ years m rural population of Palwal district of Haryana. Dependable variable BP was assessed using oscillometric method and independent variable included BMl, WC and WHR, categorized using WHO criteria. Analyses were adjusted for age. The relationship of blood pressure with BMl, WC and WHR shows positive correlation. Bmaiy logistic regression model reveals that BMl >27.5 kg/m2 category was 4.87 times and BMl 23.0-27.5 kg/m2 was 2.37 times more likely to have hypertension. Higher WC participants were 1.08 times and higher WHR participants 1.88 times more prone to be hypertensive than normal WC and WHR. Basic anthropometric indicators for obesity remains useful marker for higher blood pressure m the present study. So for healthy aging, obesity should be kept m the normal range by focusing more on proper diet and exercise.


Keywords


Blood Pressure, Elderly Women, Haryana, Hypertension, Obesity, Rural India.