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Determinants of Psychological Well-Being and its Impact on Mental Health and Employee Engagement


Affiliations
1 Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
     

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This study examined the strength of association between psychological well-being (PWB), mental health and employee engagement among executives. The determinants of psychological well-being included Individual factors like agreeableness, conscientiousness, optimism, and resilience and organizational factors such as job enrichment and organizational culture. The data were collected from 332 employees using a structured interview schedule trom manufacturing and services sector belonging to private and public organizations. The data were analyzed to examine the hypothesized relationship amongst the variables. The results showed differences in employee perception with regard to gender, education level, age, and the job level. The correlation results suggest that most of the variables were positively related except agreeableness with PWB. The results also suggest that conscientiousness, optimism and resilience significantly contributed to PWB, except agreeableness which negatively predicted PWB. Further, organizational culture significantly contributed to PWB, while job enrichment did not turn up as significant predictor. The results indicate that PWB significantly contributes towards mental health, employee engagement. The study has its implication for managers and researchers as they should try to facilitate a culture and work environment to create a positive force for employee well-being.

Keywords

Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Optimism, Resilience, Psychological Well-Being, Job Enrichment.
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  • Determinants of Psychological Well-Being and its Impact on Mental Health and Employee Engagement

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Authors

Guradas Bandyopadhyay
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
Kailash B. L. Srivastava
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India

Abstract


This study examined the strength of association between psychological well-being (PWB), mental health and employee engagement among executives. The determinants of psychological well-being included Individual factors like agreeableness, conscientiousness, optimism, and resilience and organizational factors such as job enrichment and organizational culture. The data were collected from 332 employees using a structured interview schedule trom manufacturing and services sector belonging to private and public organizations. The data were analyzed to examine the hypothesized relationship amongst the variables. The results showed differences in employee perception with regard to gender, education level, age, and the job level. The correlation results suggest that most of the variables were positively related except agreeableness with PWB. The results also suggest that conscientiousness, optimism and resilience significantly contributed to PWB, except agreeableness which negatively predicted PWB. Further, organizational culture significantly contributed to PWB, while job enrichment did not turn up as significant predictor. The results indicate that PWB significantly contributes towards mental health, employee engagement. The study has its implication for managers and researchers as they should try to facilitate a culture and work environment to create a positive force for employee well-being.

Keywords


Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Optimism, Resilience, Psychological Well-Being, Job Enrichment.