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Assessment of the Correlation between the Salivary Flow Rate and Dental Caries Experience among Children with β-Thalassemia Major


Affiliations
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Pediatric And Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Univ. of Baghdad, Iraq
2 Assistant Prof., Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Univ. of Baghdad, Iraq
     

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Thalassemia constitutes a group of congenital blood disorders which characterized by a defect in synthesis of one or more globin chains of human hemoglobin molecule and the resultant microcytosis and hypochromia of the RBCs. It is of two main divisions, α- and β-thalassemia and several other subdivisions. The study group composed of 40 patient years previously diagnosed with β-thalassemia major attending the thalassemia center in Thi-Qar province/Iraq. The control group, matching the age and sex of the study group, and consisted from 40 child selected from a number of primary schools. Unstimulated salivary samples was taken from each subjects under standardized conditions. The mean value of flow rate of saliva was lower among β-thalassemias (0.466 ± 0.024) than for controls (0.829 ± 0.048). The (mean ± SE) for the primary teeth (dmfs) in β-thalassemias (1.450 ± 0.324) was higher than that for controls (1.250 ± 0.808), this difference was not significant (P>0.05). The (mean ± SE) of the caries experience (DMFs) in β-thalassemias (6.850 ± 0.782) was higher than for the control group (3.600 ± 0.489).

Keywords

β-Thalassemia Major, Salivary FlowRate, Dental Caries Experience (dmfs/DMFs).
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  • Assessment of the Correlation between the Salivary Flow Rate and Dental Caries Experience among Children with β-Thalassemia Major

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Authors

Mudhafar Fadhil Jaddoa
M.Sc. Student, Department of Pediatric And Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Univ. of Baghdad, Iraq
Alhan Ahmed Qasim
Assistant Prof., Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Univ. of Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract


Thalassemia constitutes a group of congenital blood disorders which characterized by a defect in synthesis of one or more globin chains of human hemoglobin molecule and the resultant microcytosis and hypochromia of the RBCs. It is of two main divisions, α- and β-thalassemia and several other subdivisions. The study group composed of 40 patient years previously diagnosed with β-thalassemia major attending the thalassemia center in Thi-Qar province/Iraq. The control group, matching the age and sex of the study group, and consisted from 40 child selected from a number of primary schools. Unstimulated salivary samples was taken from each subjects under standardized conditions. The mean value of flow rate of saliva was lower among β-thalassemias (0.466 ± 0.024) than for controls (0.829 ± 0.048). The (mean ± SE) for the primary teeth (dmfs) in β-thalassemias (1.450 ± 0.324) was higher than that for controls (1.250 ± 0.808), this difference was not significant (P>0.05). The (mean ± SE) of the caries experience (DMFs) in β-thalassemias (6.850 ± 0.782) was higher than for the control group (3.600 ± 0.489).

Keywords


β-Thalassemia Major, Salivary FlowRate, Dental Caries Experience (dmfs/DMFs).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v14%2Fi1%2F2020%2Fijfmt%2F192915