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The Perception of Legal Risk and its Impact on the Business of SMES


Affiliations
1 Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Faculty of Management and Economics, Zlín, Czech Republic
2 University of Salerno, Department of Political and Communication Sciences, Fisciano, Italy
3 University of Westminster, School of Management and Marketing, London, United Kingdom
 

One of the prerequisites for a favourable business environment is a stable legislative context and law enforcement. In particular, for SMEs, that do not have the financial resources for stable legal assistance, legal risk is becoming one of the most important business risks. This paper aims to enrich the current scientific knowledge compared to the impact of legal risk on SMEs in selected countries. Tomas Bata University conducted empirical research in Zlín during 2019-2020. In total, 1935 SMEs completed the questionnaire, and their responses were examined to fulfill the paper's purpose. The four statistical hypotheses were analysed through statistical methods such as Z-score and Chi-square tests, with IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 used for data evaluation. Findings highlight that more than 50% of SMEs consider the management of legal risk as appropriate. Only 39% of SMEs consider the business environment as over-regulated. Almost 50% of entrepreneurs agree that their business is affected by frequent legislative changes but with no negative impact. There are statistically significant differences in consideration of legal risk between SMEs from the Czech Republic and the rest of the selected countries (Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, and Ukraine). This paper's practical implication would help SMEs in V4 Countries, Ukraine, and other SME players to fully understand legal risk and allow them to create appropriate policies that will ensure fewer negative impacts of risks.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship, Small and Medium Enterprises, Business Risk, Legal Risk.
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  • The Perception of Legal Risk and its Impact on the Business of SMES

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Authors

Zuzana Virglerová
Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Faculty of Management and Economics, Zlín, Czech Republic
Francesca Conte
University of Salerno, Department of Political and Communication Sciences, Fisciano, Italy
John Amoah
Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Faculty of Management and Economics, Zlín, Czech Republic
Maria Rita Massaro
University of Westminster, School of Management and Marketing, London, United Kingdom

Abstract


One of the prerequisites for a favourable business environment is a stable legislative context and law enforcement. In particular, for SMEs, that do not have the financial resources for stable legal assistance, legal risk is becoming one of the most important business risks. This paper aims to enrich the current scientific knowledge compared to the impact of legal risk on SMEs in selected countries. Tomas Bata University conducted empirical research in Zlín during 2019-2020. In total, 1935 SMEs completed the questionnaire, and their responses were examined to fulfill the paper's purpose. The four statistical hypotheses were analysed through statistical methods such as Z-score and Chi-square tests, with IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 used for data evaluation. Findings highlight that more than 50% of SMEs consider the management of legal risk as appropriate. Only 39% of SMEs consider the business environment as over-regulated. Almost 50% of entrepreneurs agree that their business is affected by frequent legislative changes but with no negative impact. There are statistically significant differences in consideration of legal risk between SMEs from the Czech Republic and the rest of the selected countries (Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, and Ukraine). This paper's practical implication would help SMEs in V4 Countries, Ukraine, and other SME players to fully understand legal risk and allow them to create appropriate policies that will ensure fewer negative impacts of risks.

Keywords


Entrepreneurship, Small and Medium Enterprises, Business Risk, Legal Risk.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15759/ijek%2F2020%2Fv8i2%2F205788