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Objectives: The study is to improve our understanding about effects of lower income than expenditure in fulfilling the fundamental rights of population in Bangladesh.

Methods/Statistical analysis: This study is based on the secondary data mainly collected from the Report on Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) of Bangladesh of different years published by Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Arithmetic growth model is used to calculate required rate of increase or decrease of different variables for the various comparisons.

Findings: The study shows that income, expenditure and consumption has increased over the years but the income has increased at a slower rate than that of the expenditure and consumption. Price hike of essential commodities have resulted in such increase in the expenditure and consumption. When the expenditure has increased at faster rate than that of income, it brings miserable conditions to the population of a country especially for poor and marginalized section. They are bound to sacrifice their different services more specifically the basic needs. They cut their food baskets and make a limitation to the various components of basic necessities like health, education, clothing or housing. As a result, they are unable to fulfill their fundamental rights. It is believed that the results will facilitate policy-makers and respected authorities to take timely and viable steps and develop workable strategies to address the issue of fundamental rights of people in Bangladesh.

Application/Improvements: This study will help other researchers/policy makers to conduct more researches in this field which is still limited in the country.


fundamental Rights, Income, Expenditure, Consumption, Price Hike, Bangladesh.