Levels of Women Empowerment among the Indian States Assessing the Impact of Unemployment
Objectives: To study the status of women empowerment in different states of India and to examine its relationship with unemployment.
Methods/Statistical analysis: The study mainly depends on two data sources,NFHS-4 and EmploymentUnemployment Survey of Labour Bureau. Empowerment indicators are constructed using the 15 parameters given in NFHS-4. Percentile method, which gives the relative position of the individual, is adopted to evaluate the relative status of different states in terms of women empowerment. Further, Chi-square test is used to examine the relationship between women empowerment and unemployment,while scatter diagram is used to study the direction of their relationship.
Findings:Different states have shown varying performances in terms of women empowerment. Four states namely Bihar, Daman & Diu, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh are the group of states which have the lowest scores in all the empowerment indicators, while Chandigarh, Kerala, Lakshadweep and Goa are placed in the top categories in all the indicators. Meanwhile, this study observed that women empowerment is significantly related to unemployment and per capita NSDP. It is also observed that the incidence employment among the women has negative impact on their levels of empowerment.
Application/Improvements:The concept of women empowerment is multidimensional, and determined by multiple factors. Thus, a holistic view is necessary while studying its nature and problems.
- K. Sathiabama. Rural women empowerment and entrepreneurship development. Working Papers id:2475, eSocialSciences. 2010.
- E. Duflo. Women empowerment and economic development. Journal of Economic Literature. 2012; 50(4), 1-29.
- A. Sultana, S.K.S. Hossen. Role of employment in women empowerment: evidence from khulna city of Bangladesh. International Journal of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Research. 2013; 2(7), 17-25.
- A. Kaur. Women empowerment through five year plans in India.International Journal of Advanced Educational Research. 2018; 3(1), 42-45.
- Five Year Strategic Plan (2011-2016). https://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/MWCD_Strategic_Plan_10-02-2011.pdf. Date accessed: 2011
- National Policy for Women 2001, New Delhi: Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India. https://wcd.nic.in/womendevelopment/national-policy-women-empowerment. Date accessed: 2014.
- K.D. Rosa. Empowment of Women - The Impact of Employment, Delhi: Abhijeet Publications. 2010.
- Labour Bureau. Fifth Annual Employment-Unemployment Survey (2015-16), Chandigarh: Ministry of Labour, Government of India. 2016; 1-360.
- M.M.K. Toufique. The context specific factors affecting women empowerment and empowerment's implications for resource allocation, awareness and fertility: an econometric analysis. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences. 2016; 66 (38), 38-44.
- J. Raudeliuniene, I. Dzemyda, J. Kimpah. Factors for assessment of women empowerment: theoretical approach. 8th International Scientific Conference on "Business and Management, Lithuania. 2014; 353-362.
- A.K. Thapa, L. Gurung, L. An assessment of factors influencing empowerment level of females: a case study of pokhara. Economic Journal of Development. 2010; 12(1-2), 1-8.
Abstract Views: 15
PDF Views: 3