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Objective: To analyse the factors that have changed the conditions of labour market and labour management relationship in three major states of India namely: Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.

Methods: Also attempts to study differences in wages across these three major states in pre and post reform period. Disparities in employment and industrial conflicts in terms of disputes, strikes and lockouts are also analysed. The study covers the period of 35 years from 1980-81 to 2014-15.

Findings/Application: The results reveal that employment of workers and total persons engaged have increased substantially from pre to post reform period. Further, differences in employment across states are also found. The study has found the evidences of increasing wage disparity not only between states but also between skilled and unskilled workers. The study has concluded that man days lost due to industrial conflicts has been falling throughout the time period of the study.


Wage Disparity, Industrial Relations, Employment, Major States, Reforms.