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Objectives: India is the largest seller of large cardamom in the international market and the second largest producer after Nepal. The favourable conditions prevailed in the Himalayan foothill has induced a geometric growth in large cardamom cultivation and trading. With the striking success of this cash cropping in Sikkim, the farming communities of Arunachal Pradesh had shifted to large cardamom farming, commercially, from the traditional subsistence farming with some indications of success. This study has aimed to analyze the cost-benefit-return of the large cardamom cultivation in the Anjaw District of Arunachal Pradesh.
Methods/Statistical Analysis: The study is empirical in nature and based on the primary data collected from 5 circles of Anjaw District. The data were collected from 200 cardamom growers (40 each from each 5 circles), selected at random through a questionnaire schedule.
Findings/Result: The earning from commercialized large cardamom cultivation in the study area i.e., Anjaw District of Arunachal Pradesh is very highly remunerative (27.67%) compared to other traditional and cash-crops which is a reason for the popularity of the large cardamom as a substitute for the traditional subsistence farming in these areas.
Application/Improvements: The failure in the subsistence farming in Arunachal Pradesh made the masses diverted from the agrarian activities hampering the balance of employment and livelihood. The CB analysis is a device to confirm the popularity among the agrarian communities for the change and is an instrument for the policy makers to plan for a sustainable development.