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Background/Objectives: The specific objectives of the study are (1) Implementation of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in Odisha, (2) To study the role of Gram Sabha, (3) To analyse the reviews related to PESA Act in Odisha, (4) To suggest some alternatives for the better implementation.
Methods/Statistical analysis: The study is based on primary data and secondary data. The primary data were collected through a structured schedule and samples are drawn by employing simple random sampling method.
Findings: Even though the Gram Sabha is organised well, the participants do not have any knowledge about the functioning of it, due to many reasons like long distance, lack of transport facility, etc. The participants do not regularly attend the meeting. PESA Act is not effectively working in the state. All plans and programmes are implemented by the government but it is not properly reaching tribes, because they are not adequately aware of the Act.
Improvements/Applications: Creating awareness among people regarding Gram Sabha is important for their better participation. Tribal need to be educated regarding their Rights and Acts so as to achieve better co-ordination between the people and the Government. Government need to introduce very strong monitoring system in accessing the effectiveness of PESA Act.