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Participation of Tribal in Gram Sabha at Gajpati District, Odisha


Affiliations
1 Dept. of Applied Research, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India
 

Background/Objectives: The specific objectives of the study are (1) Implementation of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in Odisha, (2) To study the role of Gram Sabha, (3) To analyse the reviews related to PESA Act in Odisha, (4) To suggest some alternatives for the better implementation.

Methods/Statistical analysis: The study is based on primary data and secondary data. The primary data were collected through a structured schedule and samples are drawn by employing simple random sampling method.

Findings: Even though the Gram Sabha is organised well, the participants do not have any knowledge about the functioning of it, due to many reasons like long distance, lack of transport facility, etc. The participants do not regularly attend the meeting. PESA Act is not effectively working in the state. All plans and programmes are implemented by the government but it is not properly reaching tribes, because they are not adequately aware of the Act.

Improvements/Applications: Creating awareness among people regarding Gram Sabha is important for their better participation. Tribal need to be educated regarding their Rights and Acts so as to achieve better co-ordination between the people and the Government. Government need to introduce very strong monitoring system in accessing the effectiveness of PESA Act.


Keywords

Tribal’s in Odisha, PESA Act, Essential Features of the Provisions of PESA Act, Gram Sabha, PESA Act in Odisha.
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  • Biswas Sudipa. Implementation of PESA: Issues, Challenges and way forward. International Research Journal of Social Science. 2015; 4 (12), 49-54.
  • P.S.K Menon, Bakshi D. Sinha. Panchayat Raj in Scheduled Areas. Concept Publication Company. New Delhi. 2013; 80-82.
  • Saroj Kumar Dash. PESA - Conformity and Operational Issues: A Case Study of Orissa. Orissa Review. 2011; 41-45.
  • Pramila Prava Patnaik. Working of Gram Sabha in Scheduled Areas under PESA Act-Odisha Perspective. Odisha Review. 2015; 54-59.
  • Biswadayal Pradhan. Panchayat raj and tribal development in Orissa: an overview. International Journal of Current Research. 2011; 3(11),252-258.
  • Panchayat Raj (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act of 1996: policy brief, UNDP.www.undp.org/content/dam/india/docs/UNDP-Policy-Brief-on-PESA.pdf. Date assessed: 10-05-2016.
  • Beauty Gogei. Panchayat Raj and Tribal Development in India. International Journal of Adivasi research. 2013; 1-10.

Abstract Views: 70

PDF Views: 60




  • Participation of Tribal in Gram Sabha at Gajpati District, Odisha

Abstract Views: 70  |  PDF Views: 60

Authors

Sanghamitra Palai
Dept. of Applied Research, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India
M. Hilaria Soundari
Dept. of Applied Research, Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Dindigul, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract


Background/Objectives: The specific objectives of the study are (1) Implementation of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act in Odisha, (2) To study the role of Gram Sabha, (3) To analyse the reviews related to PESA Act in Odisha, (4) To suggest some alternatives for the better implementation.

Methods/Statistical analysis: The study is based on primary data and secondary data. The primary data were collected through a structured schedule and samples are drawn by employing simple random sampling method.

Findings: Even though the Gram Sabha is organised well, the participants do not have any knowledge about the functioning of it, due to many reasons like long distance, lack of transport facility, etc. The participants do not regularly attend the meeting. PESA Act is not effectively working in the state. All plans and programmes are implemented by the government but it is not properly reaching tribes, because they are not adequately aware of the Act.

Improvements/Applications: Creating awareness among people regarding Gram Sabha is important for their better participation. Tribal need to be educated regarding their Rights and Acts so as to achieve better co-ordination between the people and the Government. Government need to introduce very strong monitoring system in accessing the effectiveness of PESA Act.


Keywords


Tribal’s in Odisha, PESA Act, Essential Features of the Provisions of PESA Act, Gram Sabha, PESA Act in Odisha.

References