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A Study on Screening for Silent Cardiac Dysfunction in Type II Diabetes Mellitus


Affiliations
1 Department of Medicine, Santosh Medical College & Hospitals, Ghaziabad, U.P, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Santosh Medical College & Hospitals, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
     

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Background: India being diabetic capital, the present study was conducted to screen for cardiac dysfunctions in diabetics.

Objective: To screen silent cardiac dysfunction in type II Diabetes Mellitus and correlation with duration of type II Diabetes Mellitus by non-invasive methods.

Method: A prospective study of 100 established cases of type II Diabetes Mellitus without history of cardiac disorder were included in the present study. Cases were further evaluated with Chest X-ray PA View; ECG and Echocardiography.

Result and interpretation: In this study the age of patients was 30-80 years (Mean age =59.08± 11.38) of which 72% were males and 28% females. 49% patients had BMI above 25. Duration of type II Diabetes was 10 years in 24% patients. Among 100 patients, 16 cases had evidence myocardial infarction. 55 cases have evidence of hypertension, 50 cases had dyslipidemia and 22 cases had cardiomegaly. Those who had duration more than 5 years showed more incidence of cardiac dysfunction.

Conclusion: Many cardiac dysfunction i.e., IHD, CHF, HTN, Arrhythmias, systolic&diastolic ventricular dysfunction have been reported in type II Diabetes Mellitus. These disorders can easily be recognized by non-invasive methods without much apprehensive of invasive procedures and financial burden.

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Ischaemic Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Dyslipidemia
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  • A Study on Screening for Silent Cardiac Dysfunction in Type II Diabetes Mellitus

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Authors

Shivani Bansal
Department of Medicine, Santosh Medical College & Hospitals, Ghaziabad, U.P, India
Gaurav Sharma
Department of Medicine, Santosh Medical College & Hospitals, Ghaziabad, U.P, India
Rahul Singh
Department of Medicine, Santosh Medical College & Hospitals, Ghaziabad, U.P, India
Kaushal Kishore
Department of General Medicine, Santosh Medical College & Hospitals, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract


Background: India being diabetic capital, the present study was conducted to screen for cardiac dysfunctions in diabetics.

Objective: To screen silent cardiac dysfunction in type II Diabetes Mellitus and correlation with duration of type II Diabetes Mellitus by non-invasive methods.

Method: A prospective study of 100 established cases of type II Diabetes Mellitus without history of cardiac disorder were included in the present study. Cases were further evaluated with Chest X-ray PA View; ECG and Echocardiography.

Result and interpretation: In this study the age of patients was 30-80 years (Mean age =59.08± 11.38) of which 72% were males and 28% females. 49% patients had BMI above 25. Duration of type II Diabetes was 10 years in 24% patients. Among 100 patients, 16 cases had evidence myocardial infarction. 55 cases have evidence of hypertension, 50 cases had dyslipidemia and 22 cases had cardiomegaly. Those who had duration more than 5 years showed more incidence of cardiac dysfunction.

Conclusion: Many cardiac dysfunction i.e., IHD, CHF, HTN, Arrhythmias, systolic&diastolic ventricular dysfunction have been reported in type II Diabetes Mellitus. These disorders can easily be recognized by non-invasive methods without much apprehensive of invasive procedures and financial burden.

Keywords


Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Ischaemic Heart Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, Dyslipidemia