Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Evaluation of Botanicals against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus in Black Gram under Storage Condition


Affiliations
1 Department of Entomology, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 110, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Botanical powders were evaluated for their grain protectant efficiency against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus in stored black gram grain. Among the various botanical powders tested, neem leaf (Azadirachta indica A. Juss), garlic bulb (Allium sativum Linnaeus) and eucalyptus leaf (Eucalyptus globulus Labill) @ 2 per cent (w/w) recorded more than 32 per cent adult mortality, higher half-life values (≥ 56.97 days) and higher gross persistency (≥ 1999.48). Significantly lower number of adults were emerged (≤ 20.75) in these botanical powders during six months of storage period.

Keywords

Black Gram, Botanical Powders, Callosobruchus chinensis, Grain Protectant.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Abbott, W. S. (1925). A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. J. Econ. Entomol. 18: 265-267.
  • Anonymous (2012). www.angrau.net
  • Azad, B. S., Srivastava, S. P. and Pandey, A. (2010). Effect of neem seed kernel powder on infestation of bruchids, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) and Callosobruchus chinensis (Linn.) in stored grains of legumes. Trends in Biosci. 3: 190-191.
  • Choudhary, M. D. (2012a). Varietal susceptibility and evaluation of grain protectants against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus on cowpea under storage condition. M.Sc. thesis submitted to Department of Entomology, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand.
  • Choudhary, S. (2012b). Varietal susceptibility and evaluation of grain protectants against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus on soybean under storage condition. M.Sc. thesis submitted to Department of Entomology, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand.
  • Dauda, Z., Maina, Y. T and Richard, B. I. (2012). Insecticidal activity of Garlic (Alium sativum (L.)) oil on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) in post-harvest cow pea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walo. J. Bio. Agri. Healthcare. 2: 29-35.
  • Devi, M. B. and Devi, N. V. (2013). Effect of some botanicals on adult mortality, oviposition and development of pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis L. on gram. Indian J. Entomol. 75: 295-297.
  • Hasan, M, Muhammad, S., Shahzad, S., Sajid, H., Sohail, A. and Shahid, M. H. (2012). Evaluation of insecticidal potential of powders of Azadirachta indica, Momordica charentia and Allium sativum against Callosobruchus chinensis (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Pakistan Entomologist. 34: 71-73.
  • Khatun, A., Bhuiyan, M. A. H., Kabir, G. and Haque, A. K. M. M. (2010). Effect of different botanicals on the seed quality of lentils during storage. Bull. Inst. Trop. Agri. 33: 19-26.
  • Kher, R. H. (2006). Evaluation of vegetable oil and insecticides as grain protectants and varieties for susceptibility against Rhizopertha dominica (F.) infesting wheat under storage condition. Ph. D. thesis submitted to Anand Agricultural University, Anand, pp 192.
  • Muhamad, A. Q. (2007). Development and monthly percent damage by Callosobruchus chinensis L. Pakistan J. Agric. Res. 20: 183-188.
  • Pawar, C. S. and Yadav, T. D. (1980). Persistence of organophosphorus insecticides on different surfaces. Indian J. Ent. 42: 728-736.
  • Sartie, A., McGill, C. R., Koolaard, J., Van Epenhuijsen, K. and Carpenter, A. (2010). Botanical preparations for the protection of stored rice seed Oryza sativa from rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae and their impact on Oryza sativa germination. Seed Sci. Tech. 37: 717-729.
  • Sathish, S. and Bhaskaran, M. (2013). Seed dry dressing with botanicals to improve physiological performance of fresh and aged seeds of black gram (Vigna mungo L.). African J. Agric. Res. 8: 4049-4057.
  • Singh, R. (2011). Evaluation of some plant products for their oviposition deterrent properties against the Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) on chick pea seeds. J. Agril. Tech. 7: 1363-1367.
  • Steel, R. G. D. and Torrie, J. H. (1980). Principles and procedures of statistics. Publ. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York. pp. 334
  • Tripathi, S., Sangeeta, A. and Chandralekha. (2006). Effect of neem leaf powder on infestation of the pulse beetle, C. chinensis in stored pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). Vegetos. 19: 27-29.
  • Upadhyay, R. K. And Ahemad, S. (2011). Management Strategies for Control of Stored Grain Insect Pests in Farmer Stores and Public Ware Houses. World J. of Agril. Sci. 7: 527-549.
  • Varma, S. and Anandhi, P. (2010). Biology of pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis Linn., Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and their management through botanicals on stored mung grains in Allahabad region. Legume Res. - An International Journal. 33: 38-41.

Abstract Views: 157

PDF Views: 0




  • Evaluation of Botanicals against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus in Black Gram under Storage Condition

Abstract Views: 157  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

M. D. Suthar
Department of Entomology, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 110, India
T. M. Bharpoda
Department of Entomology, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388 110, India

Abstract


Botanical powders were evaluated for their grain protectant efficiency against Callosobruchus chinensis Linnaeus in stored black gram grain. Among the various botanical powders tested, neem leaf (Azadirachta indica A. Juss), garlic bulb (Allium sativum Linnaeus) and eucalyptus leaf (Eucalyptus globulus Labill) @ 2 per cent (w/w) recorded more than 32 per cent adult mortality, higher half-life values (≥ 56.97 days) and higher gross persistency (≥ 1999.48). Significantly lower number of adults were emerged (≤ 20.75) in these botanical powders during six months of storage period.

Keywords


Black Gram, Botanical Powders, Callosobruchus chinensis, Grain Protectant.

References