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Host Range of Phytophthora Sp. Causing Leaf Fall Disease of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)


Affiliations
1 Department of Plant Pathology, College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur-680 656, Kerala, India
2 Department of Plantation Crops and Spices, College of Horticulture, Agricultural University, Thrissur-680 656, Kerala, India
     

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Leaf fall disease caused by Phytophthora sp. has become a serious problem in major nutmeg growing areas of Kerala during South - West monsoon period. Host range study was carried out to find out the infectivity of Phytophthora isolates of nutmeg on other known hosts of Phytophthora spp. including arecanut, coconut, cocoa, rubber, black pepper, cardamom, camboge, vanilla, rose, coreopsis, eucalyptus, colocasia and citrus. Phytophthora isolates of nutmeg showed characteristic symptoms on rubber, vanilla, rose, coreopsis, eucalyptus and citrus, whereas, cocoa, black pepper and colocasia developed hypersensitive reaction and the pathogen failed to cause infection on arecanut, coconut, cardamom and camboge.

Keywords

Host Range, Leaf Fall Disease, Nutmeg, Phytophthora.
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  • Host Range of Phytophthora Sp. Causing Leaf Fall Disease of Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)

Abstract Views: 119  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

V. Sumbula
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur-680 656, Kerala, India
Sally K. Mathew
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Horticulture, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur-680 656, Kerala, India
N. Mini Raj
Department of Plantation Crops and Spices, College of Horticulture, Agricultural University, Thrissur-680 656, Kerala, India

Abstract


Leaf fall disease caused by Phytophthora sp. has become a serious problem in major nutmeg growing areas of Kerala during South - West monsoon period. Host range study was carried out to find out the infectivity of Phytophthora isolates of nutmeg on other known hosts of Phytophthora spp. including arecanut, coconut, cocoa, rubber, black pepper, cardamom, camboge, vanilla, rose, coreopsis, eucalyptus, colocasia and citrus. Phytophthora isolates of nutmeg showed characteristic symptoms on rubber, vanilla, rose, coreopsis, eucalyptus and citrus, whereas, cocoa, black pepper and colocasia developed hypersensitive reaction and the pathogen failed to cause infection on arecanut, coconut, cardamom and camboge.

Keywords


Host Range, Leaf Fall Disease, Nutmeg, Phytophthora.