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Adoption and Impact of Zero Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Production System of Haryana


Affiliations
1 ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Koraput, Odisha, India
2 Division of Agricultural Economics, IARI, New Delhi, India
     

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Zero Tillage (ZT) has been considered as a proven technology to increase the farm income, but its adoption in the semi-arid part of western India is still uncertain. This paper examines the ZT diffusion pattern (including the reasons for non- and disadoption and constraints in adoption of the technology) and estimates the farm-level impacts of the ZT technology. The most pronounced impact of ZT is at the cost-saving compartment. However, since ZT wheat farmers could sow the crop much earlier than their conventional counterparts results in gaining 8 percent increase in yield. Determinants of adoption were attempted employing a multinomial logit model. Ownership of ZT drill, cropping pattern and household factors were influencing ZT adoption. Although a number of constraints for continuous adoption of ZT, including uncongenial field situation (excess moisture, undulated plots, small landholding etc.) and difficulty to manage previous/kharif crop (pearl millet, cotton) residues. The ZT technology was also found to be effective in reducing the farmer dependency on external inputs and ensures sustainable production of wheat.

Keywords

Adoption, Determinants, Multinomial Logit, Zero Tillage.
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  • Adoption and Impact of Zero Tillage in the Rice-Wheat Production System of Haryana

Abstract Views: 187  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

Mukesh Meena
ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Koraput, Odisha, India
T. Rajesh
Division of Agricultural Economics, IARI, New Delhi, India
Karma Beer
ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Koraput, Odisha, India

Abstract


Zero Tillage (ZT) has been considered as a proven technology to increase the farm income, but its adoption in the semi-arid part of western India is still uncertain. This paper examines the ZT diffusion pattern (including the reasons for non- and disadoption and constraints in adoption of the technology) and estimates the farm-level impacts of the ZT technology. The most pronounced impact of ZT is at the cost-saving compartment. However, since ZT wheat farmers could sow the crop much earlier than their conventional counterparts results in gaining 8 percent increase in yield. Determinants of adoption were attempted employing a multinomial logit model. Ownership of ZT drill, cropping pattern and household factors were influencing ZT adoption. Although a number of constraints for continuous adoption of ZT, including uncongenial field situation (excess moisture, undulated plots, small landholding etc.) and difficulty to manage previous/kharif crop (pearl millet, cotton) residues. The ZT technology was also found to be effective in reducing the farmer dependency on external inputs and ensures sustainable production of wheat.

Keywords


Adoption, Determinants, Multinomial Logit, Zero Tillage.