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Medical Students’ Perceptions of Dementia after Participation in Poetry Workshop with People with Dementia


Affiliations
1 New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, NJ 08084, United States
 

Purpose: Researchers assessed whether medical students' participation in a poetry workshop with people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affected their attitudes towards persons with ADRD. Objective: To add to the growing body of research summarizing the impact of nonclinical interventions on medical students' perspectives about people with ADRD. Design: Researchers used dementia attitudes scale (DAS) and interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) to analyze participants' attitudes. Setting: Osteopathic medical school and dementia care unit in the state of New Jersey. Participants: Eleven out of fourteen medical students completed the study. Measurements: Emerging themes were classified from the postintervention semistructured interviews and descriptive statistics were used to compare the preintervention to postintervention DAS. Results: Researchers found statistically significant differences between preintervention and postintervention DAS scores. Study participants scored a preintervention DAS mean, 107.09 (SD = 11.85), that changed positively and significantly to the postintervention DAS mean, 121.82 (SD = 10.38). DAS subdomains, "comfort" (p = 0.002) and "knowledge" (p = 0.01), and eleven of the twenty DAS items underwent a positive and statistically significant shift from preintervention to postintervention. IPA of the interviews yielded five primary and five secondary themes, supporting the measured statistical outcomes. Conclusion: Medical students' participation in a poetry workshop, with people with ADRD, positively impacts their attitudes.
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  • Medical Students’ Perceptions of Dementia after Participation in Poetry Workshop with People with Dementia

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Authors

Alaina J. Garrie
New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, NJ 08084, United States
Shruti Goel
New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, NJ 08084, United States
Martin M. Forsberg
New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, NJ 08084, United States

Abstract


Purpose: Researchers assessed whether medical students' participation in a poetry workshop with people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affected their attitudes towards persons with ADRD. Objective: To add to the growing body of research summarizing the impact of nonclinical interventions on medical students' perspectives about people with ADRD. Design: Researchers used dementia attitudes scale (DAS) and interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) to analyze participants' attitudes. Setting: Osteopathic medical school and dementia care unit in the state of New Jersey. Participants: Eleven out of fourteen medical students completed the study. Measurements: Emerging themes were classified from the postintervention semistructured interviews and descriptive statistics were used to compare the preintervention to postintervention DAS. Results: Researchers found statistically significant differences between preintervention and postintervention DAS scores. Study participants scored a preintervention DAS mean, 107.09 (SD = 11.85), that changed positively and significantly to the postintervention DAS mean, 121.82 (SD = 10.38). DAS subdomains, "comfort" (p = 0.002) and "knowledge" (p = 0.01), and eleven of the twenty DAS items underwent a positive and statistically significant shift from preintervention to postintervention. IPA of the interviews yielded five primary and five secondary themes, supporting the measured statistical outcomes. Conclusion: Medical students' participation in a poetry workshop, with people with ADRD, positively impacts their attitudes.