Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Tourism Development in Gujarat : Progress and Prospects
Tourism is a rapidly evolving industry in the global marketplace. Tourism in India has grown substantially over the last three decades. Foreign tourist arrivals during 1997 were 2,374,094 as compared to 2, 2867,860 in 1996, an increase of 3.8%. India's share in the world tourist market at the end of 1996-97 was 0.39 per cent. Foreign exchange earnings in the same year were estimated at Rs. 10,418 crore. Tourism has become one of the largest foreign exchange earners of the country. Domestic tourism's contribution to the generation of employment is very high. The tourism's contribution to GDP of the country has been 5.9% in 2003-04, while employment in tourism sector both direct and indirect, has been 41.8 million in the same year, which accounts for 8.78% of total employment in the country. Another important feature of the industry, is its contribution to national integration, preservation of natural as well as cultural environments. The state of Gujarat has taken a number of steps to promote tourism. This paper examines the progress and prospects of tourism in this state. The state has visualized various event based tourism which strengthens the prospects of Gujarat tourism in the near future.
Gujarat, Tourism, Eco-tourism
- Bansal Richa, (2004), “Gujarat Moves towards eco-tourism”, The times of India, TNN, Aug31.
- Blangy S. and Wood M.E., (1993), “Developing and Implementing Ecotourism Guidelines for Wildlands and Neighboring Communities. In Ecotourism: A Guide for Planners and Managers”, edited by Kreg Lindberg and Donald E. Hawkins (The Ecotourism Society).
- Dave Tobias and Robert Mendelsohn, (1991), “Valuing Ecotourism in a Tropical Rain-Forest Reserve,” AMBIO 20: 91-93.
- E. Boo (1990),“Ecotourism: The Potentials and Piyfalls” Vol. 1 and 2 (Washington D.C World Wildlife Fund)
- H.Ceballos-Lascuram (1996), “Tourism, Ecotourism, and Protected Areas: The State of Nature Based Tourism Around the World and Guidelines for its Development”, (Gland Switzerland IUCN)
- Honey, M. (1999), “Ecotourism and Sustainable Development: Who Owns Paradise?”, Washington D.C.: Island Press.
- Isaacs, J. C. (2000). “The Limited Potential of Tourism to Contribute to Wildlife Conservation”, Wildlife Society Bulletin, 28:61-69.
- Janvry Alain de, Fafchamps Marcel and Sadoulet Elizabeth. (1991), Peasant Household Behavior with Missing Markets: Some Paradoxes Explained,” Economic Journal101:1400-1417.
- Lindberg K., (1991), “Polices for Maximizing Nature Tourism’s Ecological and Economic Benefits” (Washington. C.: World Resource Institute).
- Maharana. I., Rai S.C. and Sharma E., (2000), “Valuing Ecotourism in a Sacred Lake of Sikkim Himalaya, India,” Environmental Conservation 27: 269-277.
- Reardon Thomas and Vosti Steve, (1997), “Poverty-Environment Links in Rural Areas of Developing Countries, in Sustainability, Growth, and Poverty Alleviation: A Policy and Agro ecological Perspective”, ed. Steve Vosti and Thomas Reardon (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press).
- Taylor J. Edward and Adelman Irma. (1996), “Village Economies: The Design, Estimation and Use of Village wide Economic Models”, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- http://gujenvfor.gswan.gov.in/wildilife/eco-torism.html (accessed on 5/09/2011)
- http://www.vibrantgujarat.com/focus-areas/tourism.aspx (accessed on 5/09/2011)
Abstract Views: 282
PDF Views: 0