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Leprosy Continues to Occur in Hilly Areas of North India


Affiliations
1 Department of Dermatology, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand 246174, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand 246174, India
 

Background: The aim of present study was to describe the profile of leprosy patients attending the outpatient department of dermatology in tertiary care hospital in Srinagar, Uttarakhand, North India. Methodology: This descriptive retrospective study. Patient data at the time of diagnosis were retrieved onto a predesigned proforma, which concerned the following variables at the time of registration: age, sex, and residence. Newly registered outpatients leprosy cases between 2009 and 2014 were included in the study. Results: It was found that 65 were multibacillary leprosy cases. Males constituted 62.8% of all leprosy cases.The majority (83.7%) belonged to the age group of 18-60 years. Of the total 48.8% of the newleprosy caseswere fromthe Pauri district.The leprosy incidence rate in this population was 2.71 per 1000 patients. Conclusion: Leprosy still continues to be a communicable disease of concern. The lower incidence in women and children provokes the need to strengthen contact screening, early case detection, and referral activities in the population to sustain elimination.
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  • Leprosy Continues to Occur in Hilly Areas of North India

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Authors

Deepak Dimri
Department of Dermatology, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand 246174, India
Arti Gupta
Department of Community Medicine, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand 246174, India
Amit Kumar Singh
Department of Community Medicine, Veer Chandra Singh Garhwali Government Medical Science and Research Institute, Uttarakhand 246174, India

Abstract


Background: The aim of present study was to describe the profile of leprosy patients attending the outpatient department of dermatology in tertiary care hospital in Srinagar, Uttarakhand, North India. Methodology: This descriptive retrospective study. Patient data at the time of diagnosis were retrieved onto a predesigned proforma, which concerned the following variables at the time of registration: age, sex, and residence. Newly registered outpatients leprosy cases between 2009 and 2014 were included in the study. Results: It was found that 65 were multibacillary leprosy cases. Males constituted 62.8% of all leprosy cases.The majority (83.7%) belonged to the age group of 18-60 years. Of the total 48.8% of the newleprosy caseswere fromthe Pauri district.The leprosy incidence rate in this population was 2.71 per 1000 patients. Conclusion: Leprosy still continues to be a communicable disease of concern. The lower incidence in women and children provokes the need to strengthen contact screening, early case detection, and referral activities in the population to sustain elimination.