Open Access Subscription Access
Allegorized Subaltern: Subjectivity and Death in the Works of Bahman Ghobadi
The aim of the present study is to explore the reflection of the subaltern in the works of Kurdish filmmaker, Bahman Ghobadi. In order to do so, three periods in the development of the works of Ghobadi is analyzed. These periods include the time prior to the invasion of Iraq by United States and its allies when A Time for Drunken Horses (2000) and The Songs of my Homeland (2002) appear. The second phase is at the time of the invasion of Iraq including Turtles can Fly (2004), and the third period is after the invasion with Rhino Season (2012). These works deal with the neglected minority within Kurdish ethnicity and look through the ways in which there might be a possibility for this group to attain a sense of identity. Facing internal and external oppression, minority-within-minority section of the Kurdish society finds no way for resistance other than death where the power structures that are in a tacit concurrence in its subjugation are challenged and as a result, a space is created where the subaltern can speak.
Subaltern, Bahman Ghobadi, Minority, Identity, Death, Resistance.
- Ahmad, A. (1992). In Theory Classes, Nations, Literatures. London: Verso.
- Ashcroft, B. (2001). On Post-Colonial Futures Transformations of Colonial Culture. London and New York: Continuum.
- Ashcroft, B. (2001). Post-Colonial transformation. New York: Routledge.
- Bakhtin, M. (1984). Problems of Dostoevsky's poetics. (C. Emerson, Trans.). Minnesota: University of Minnesota. (Original work published 1929).
- Bhabha, H. (1990). Dissemination: Time, narrative, and the margins of the modern nation. In Bhabha (Ed.) Nation and Narration (pp. 291-322). New York: Routledge.
- Bhabha, H. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge,
- Bhabha, H. (1992), Postcolonial Criticism. In S. Greenblatt & G. Gunn (Eds.) Redrawing the boundaries: The transformation of English and American literary studies ( pp. 437-65). New York, NY: Modern Languages Association.
- Chaudhuri, S., & H. Finn, (2003). The Open image: Poetic Realism and the New Iranian Cinema. Screen: the Journal of the Society for Education in Film and Television, 44(1), 38-57.
- Das, V. (1989). Subaltern as perspective. In Ranjit Guha (Ed.), Subaltern Studies VI (pp.310-324) Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Ghobadi, B. (Director). (2000). A Time for Drunken Horses. [Motion picture]. Iran: MK2 Diffusion.
- Ghobadi, B. (Director). (2006). Half Moon [Motion picture]. United States: Strand Releasing.
- Ghobadi, B. (Director). (2012). Rhino Season. Iran Mij Film.
- Ghobadi B. (Director). (2000). The Songs of my Homeland. Iran: Wellspring Home Entertainment.
- Ghobadi B. (Director). (2005). Turtles can Fly. Iran: Palace Films.
- Ivison, D. (1997). Postcolonialism and political theory. In A. Vincent (Ed) Political Theory: Tradition and diversity (pp. 154-172). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Lipsitz, George. (1994). Dangerous Crossroads: Popular Music, Postmodernism and the Poetics of Place. London: Verso.
- Nafici, H. (2000). Self-Othering: A postcolonial Discourse on Cinematic First Contacts. In Fawzia A. & K. Seshandra-Crooks (Eds.), The pre-occupation of postcolonial studies (pp. 292-310). North Carolina: Duke University Press.
- Sadr, HR (2006). Iranian Cinema - A Political History. London: I. B. Tauris.
- Sethi, R. (2011). The Politics of Postcolonialism Pmpire, Nation and Resistance. London: Pluto Press.
- Shohat, E. (1997). Post-Third-Worldist Culture: Gender, Nation, and the Cinema. In Alexander & C. T. Mohanty (Eds.), Feminist genealogies, colonial legacies, democratic futures (pp. 107-123). London: Routledge.
- Spivak, Gayarti Chakravorty. (1988). Can the Subaltern Speak? In C. Nelson & L. Grossberg (Eds.), Marxism and the Interpretation of the Culture (pp. 272-313). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
- Wagner, R. (2012). Silence as Resistance before the Subject, or could the Subaltern Remain Silent? Theory Culture Society 29, 99-124.
- Young, Robert. (1990). White Mythologies: Writing History and the West. New York: Routledge.
Abstract Views: 299
PDF Views: 62