Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Bakanae:An Emerging Disease of Aromatic Rice


Affiliations
1 Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Rice is an important cereal cop belonging to family Poaceae and its production is affected by many biotic factors viz., diseases caused by bacteria, nematodes and fungal infestation are the most significant constraints causing low yield of this crop in India. The major diseases that affect the economics of rice are bakanae (Fusarium fujikuroi), blast (Pyriculariaoryzae), stackburn (Alternaria spp.) and brown leaf spot (Bipolarisoryzae) of rice. The worldwide annual losses due to rice diseases are estimated to be about 10-15 per cent on an average basis. In Punjab, Bakanae (Foot rot) has become an economically important disease of aromatic rice cultivars. The word Bakanae is of Japanese origin which means naughty bad seedling referred to as foolish seedling. Very high yield losses due to epidemic breakout of bakanae disease were observed in the rice growing areas in Asia where it holds its high economic value (Adam et al., 2018). Bakanae was first noted by Ito and Kimura in 1828 in Japan. During recent years, the prevalence of this disease has been reported from all parts of Asia. The incidence of bakanae disease in India has particularly been reported in aromatic and improved rice cultivars (Bashyal et al., 2014) thereby, having profound effect on quality of seed.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Bashyal, B. M., Aggarwal, R., Banerjee, S., Gupta, S. and Sharma, S. (2014). Pathogenicity, ecology and genetic diversity of the Fusarium spp. associated with an emerging bakanae disease of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in India. In: Microbial diversity and biotechnology in food security (In: Kharwar, et al Eds) Springer, 307-314pp.
  • Ghazanfar, M.U., Javed, N., Wakil, W. and Iqbal, M. (2013). Screening of some fine and coarse rice varieties against bakanae disease. J. Agric. Res., 51 : 41-49.
  • Kaur, J., Pannu, P. P. S. and Sharma, S. (2014). Morphological, biochemical and molecular characterization of Gibberella fujikuroi isolates causing bakanae disease of basmati rice. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol., 44 : 78-82.
  • Kazempour, M. N. and Elahinia, S. A. (2007).Biological control of Fusarium fujikuroi, the causal agent of bakanae disease by rice associated antagonistic bacteria. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 13: 393 - 408.
  • Pannu, P. P. S., Kaur, J., Singh, G. and Kaur, J. (2012).Survival of Fusarium moniliforme causing foot rot of rice and its virulence on different genotypes of rice and basmati rice. Indian Phytopath, 65:149-209.
  • Puyam, A., Pannu, P. P. S., Kaur, J. and Shikha, S. (2017). Cultural, morphological and molecular variability of Sheld causing foot rot disease of basmati rice in Punjab. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol., 47 : 369-81.

Abstract Views: 182

PDF Views: 0




  • Bakanae:An Emerging Disease of Aromatic Rice

Abstract Views: 182  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Rohit Chhabra
Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India
Lavanya Vij
Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana (Punjab), India

Abstract


Rice is an important cereal cop belonging to family Poaceae and its production is affected by many biotic factors viz., diseases caused by bacteria, nematodes and fungal infestation are the most significant constraints causing low yield of this crop in India. The major diseases that affect the economics of rice are bakanae (Fusarium fujikuroi), blast (Pyriculariaoryzae), stackburn (Alternaria spp.) and brown leaf spot (Bipolarisoryzae) of rice. The worldwide annual losses due to rice diseases are estimated to be about 10-15 per cent on an average basis. In Punjab, Bakanae (Foot rot) has become an economically important disease of aromatic rice cultivars. The word Bakanae is of Japanese origin which means naughty bad seedling referred to as foolish seedling. Very high yield losses due to epidemic breakout of bakanae disease were observed in the rice growing areas in Asia where it holds its high economic value (Adam et al., 2018). Bakanae was first noted by Ito and Kimura in 1828 in Japan. During recent years, the prevalence of this disease has been reported from all parts of Asia. The incidence of bakanae disease in India has particularly been reported in aromatic and improved rice cultivars (Bashyal et al., 2014) thereby, having profound effect on quality of seed.

References