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NAIP- Success Story- ELS Cotton Production


Affiliations
1 Central Institute for Cotton Research, Regional Station, Coimbatore (T.N.), India
2 ICAR, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi, India
     

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The term ‘Extra Long Staple’ (ELS) cotton typically denotes a cotton fibre of extraordinary fibre length of more than 32.5 mm. normally extra-long staple cotton varieties are used for producing fine and superfine counts of yarn. As per the trade estimate the requirement of ELS cotton is around 15 lakh bales as against present availability of 1.4 lakh bales. Rangaraj, M. S/o Muthegowder, a farmer of Tamil Nadu had harvested 2.5 fold higher seed cotton yield (40.9 q/ha) as compared to control farmers by adopting integrated cotton management technologies. The economic analysis found that cost of cultivation of Rs. 61,750/ha, gross return of Rs. 1,84,092/ha, net return of Rs. 1,22,342/ha and benefit cost ratio of 2.98 realized by him, which were 1.72, 2.5, 3.3 and 1.5 fold, respectively higher than control farmers. The national average productivity of ELS is 370 kg /ha of lint. He obtained the productivity of 1325 kg of lint/ha.
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  • NAIP- Success Story- ELS Cotton Production

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Authors

K. Sankaranarayanan
Central Institute for Cotton Research, Regional Station, Coimbatore (T.N.), India
K. Rajendran
Central Institute for Cotton Research, Regional Station, Coimbatore (T.N.), India
N. Gopalakrishnan
ICAR, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi, India

Abstract


The term ‘Extra Long Staple’ (ELS) cotton typically denotes a cotton fibre of extraordinary fibre length of more than 32.5 mm. normally extra-long staple cotton varieties are used for producing fine and superfine counts of yarn. As per the trade estimate the requirement of ELS cotton is around 15 lakh bales as against present availability of 1.4 lakh bales. Rangaraj, M. S/o Muthegowder, a farmer of Tamil Nadu had harvested 2.5 fold higher seed cotton yield (40.9 q/ha) as compared to control farmers by adopting integrated cotton management technologies. The economic analysis found that cost of cultivation of Rs. 61,750/ha, gross return of Rs. 1,84,092/ha, net return of Rs. 1,22,342/ha and benefit cost ratio of 2.98 realized by him, which were 1.72, 2.5, 3.3 and 1.5 fold, respectively higher than control farmers. The national average productivity of ELS is 370 kg /ha of lint. He obtained the productivity of 1325 kg of lint/ha.