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Development: A Curse to the Displaced People: A Study in Odisha


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1 Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar- 768019 (Odisha), India
     

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Since Independence India has been undertaking a number of development projects to improve infrastructure which displaced thousands of poor in general and tribals in particular, and thrown them into the pool of struggle for their livelihood. The government undertook the construction of dams, irrigation projects, mining, power houses, creation of national parks etc. For which the jungle dwellers and tribals have been displaced from their ancestral land. In Orissa, Rourkela Steel plant, Hirakud Dam project, Rengali Dam Project, etc. have been displaced a number of households. They are yet to be resettled. Around 15% of the tribal populations have been affected by development projects. Displacements have caused damages to the life of people in all respect i.e., Economic, Social, Cultural and Educational. This paper has examined and recommended some measures to overcome the situations.

Keywords

Displacement, Development, Tribals, Projects
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  • Development: A Curse to the Displaced People: A Study in Odisha

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Authors

Johani Xaxa
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar- 768019 (Odisha), India

Abstract


Since Independence India has been undertaking a number of development projects to improve infrastructure which displaced thousands of poor in general and tribals in particular, and thrown them into the pool of struggle for their livelihood. The government undertook the construction of dams, irrigation projects, mining, power houses, creation of national parks etc. For which the jungle dwellers and tribals have been displaced from their ancestral land. In Orissa, Rourkela Steel plant, Hirakud Dam project, Rengali Dam Project, etc. have been displaced a number of households. They are yet to be resettled. Around 15% of the tribal populations have been affected by development projects. Displacements have caused damages to the life of people in all respect i.e., Economic, Social, Cultural and Educational. This paper has examined and recommended some measures to overcome the situations.

Keywords


Displacement, Development, Tribals, Projects

References