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Challenges Encountered by Tribal Population in the Era of Globalization


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1 Research Scholar at the Department of Sociology, A.M.U Aligarh, India
     

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The Globalization affect the tribal population positively and negatively. Since the arrival of liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG), has affect the culture, languages and life styles of tribals in India.The areas occupied by tribal population have been subject to various objections due to involuntary displacement. Due to neoliberal economy, the arena of development has turned into unipolar. In the name of up gradation of lifestyle of poor native tribal people, the market forces have created wealth for their benefits at the cost of livelihood and security of tribals. According to the World Bank, development schemes every year unwillingly displace one million people in the developing countries from their land-living and homes (World Bank, 1994). In India alone, between 1951 and 1990 around 21.3 million publics were displaced by development projects. Among this number 8.54 million (40 per cent) were tribal or indigenous people and only 2.12 million (24.8 per cent) were resettled. The areas occupied by native tribal people are facing wrath of not only monetary exploitation but ecological degradation due to extreme extraction of resources. The rehabilitation process for displaced tribals has been in dillydallying phase of implementation. This paper studies the impact of globalization on tribal population, the displacement and uprisings among tribals, and the role of government policies for the upliftment of tribal population in India.

Keywords

Globalization, Tribals, Displacement, Rehabilitation, Government Policies.
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  • Challenges Encountered by Tribal Population in the Era of Globalization

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Authors

Sumbl Ahmad Khanday
Research Scholar at the Department of Sociology, A.M.U Aligarh, India

Abstract


The Globalization affect the tribal population positively and negatively. Since the arrival of liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG), has affect the culture, languages and life styles of tribals in India.The areas occupied by tribal population have been subject to various objections due to involuntary displacement. Due to neoliberal economy, the arena of development has turned into unipolar. In the name of up gradation of lifestyle of poor native tribal people, the market forces have created wealth for their benefits at the cost of livelihood and security of tribals. According to the World Bank, development schemes every year unwillingly displace one million people in the developing countries from their land-living and homes (World Bank, 1994). In India alone, between 1951 and 1990 around 21.3 million publics were displaced by development projects. Among this number 8.54 million (40 per cent) were tribal or indigenous people and only 2.12 million (24.8 per cent) were resettled. The areas occupied by native tribal people are facing wrath of not only monetary exploitation but ecological degradation due to extreme extraction of resources. The rehabilitation process for displaced tribals has been in dillydallying phase of implementation. This paper studies the impact of globalization on tribal population, the displacement and uprisings among tribals, and the role of government policies for the upliftment of tribal population in India.

Keywords


Globalization, Tribals, Displacement, Rehabilitation, Government Policies.